Jose Zamora’s name appears on lists of terrorists and money launderers. (REUTERS/Mike Stone)
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On a Friday afternoon in March, Jose Luis Zamora pulled into a Lexus dealership in Dallas to test-drive a new car with his wife.Zamora's case is one of hundreds that have come up since businesses started regularly scanning the Office of Foreign Assets Control's list of blocked people and companies.Seven years after a legal group highlighted the issue of false matches, the issue is likely to only get worse as more businesses feel compelled to screen customers, according to interviews with nearly two dozen lenders, lawyers and consumer activists familiar with the system.The Specially Designated Nationals List contains the names of nearly 6,000 people and organizations.Services like "OFAC Advisor," from the credit reporting company TransUnion, generate alerts whenever a customer's name appears to match a name on the list.In a landmark 2007 case, an appeals court ruled TransUnion violated the Fair Credit Reporting Act by not sharing its OFAC alert with Cortez and not ensuring the information was reliable.
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