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ISIS advance disrupts oil production in Iraqi Kurdistan

File - A member of the Kurdish security forces takes up position with his weapon as he guards a section of an oil refinery, which is being brought on a truck to Kalak refinery in the outskirts of Arbil, in Iraq's Kurdistan region, July 14, 2014. REUTERS/Stringer

LONDON: Oil companies in Iraqi Kurdistan began to withdraw more staff Friday as ISIS militants closed in on the regional capital, with Afren becoming the first to announce it was cutting production.

Shares of London-listed oil firms in northern Iraq fell for a second day as other field closures and staff evacuations became more likely in a region seen until now as relatively secure compared to the rest of the country.

ISIS considers non-Muslims and adherents to Shiite Islam as apostates, and in many towns it has captured it has made a stark offer: convert, flee or die. They have advanced to little over a half-hour drive from Irbil, a city of 1.5 million that is headquarters of the Kurdish regional government and the local branches of many international businesses.

“Afren has taken the precautionary step to temporarily suspend operations at the Barda Rash field,” the company said, adding it was withdrawing all non-essential staff from the field.

Genel Energy, operator of the two large Taq Taq and Tawke oil fields in Kurdistan, said it evacuated non-core personnel from fields in the region that are not producing oil.

Taq Taq and Tawke are still operating, it said, and have been producing an average of 230,000 barrels per day (bpd) this week.

Genel recouped some of an early decline after it reassured investors about its continuing operations, but it remained almost 3 percent down on the day and has lost 20 percent of its value since last Friday.

Afren fell 4.5 percent, while Gulf Keystone Petroleum, another Kurdistan-focused oil producer, was down 6.2 percent, although both narrowed those declines later in the session.

Oslo-listed oil producer DNO defied the trend, leaping 8 percent on the back of a technical buying rebound. In early trading Thursday, DNO had fallen by as much as 24 percent as investors took fright. “[Afren’s oil field closure] underlines the severity of the security situation in Kurdistan and the potential risks for those operating in the region,” Maribaud Securities analysts said.

U.S. oil majors Chevron had already announced Thursday they were evacuating some staff from Kurdistan. An industry source said Exxon Mobil was also evacuating.

Gulf Keystone has increased security at its flagship Shaikan field but said production and trucking operations were continuing safely.

The Kurdistan Regional Government’s oil pipeline through which it has been pumping oil to Turkey since December was operating normally Friday, flowing 120,000 bpd of oil, industry sources told Reuters.

Barda Rash, Afren’s only producing oil asset in Iraqi Kurdistan, is 60 percent owned by the company. It was producing a gross average of 785 bpd of oil in the first quarter, making it a relatively small field.

Afren’s other operations in Kurdistan continued to function normally but the company said it was closely monitoring events. It said the Barda Rash suspension was not expected to have a significant impact on its cash flow.

U.S. President Barack Obama said Thursday he had authorized limited U.S. airstrikes to blunt the onslaught of the militants, which has heightened international fears of a humanitarian catastrophe.

Tens of thousands of members of Iraq’s minority Yezidi sect have been driven from their homes and are stranded on Sinjar Mountain.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on August 09, 2014, on page 5.

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