A worker works on a cotton spinning machine in government-controlled al-Hamadaniah district of Aleppo, Syria July 12, 2017. REUTERS/Omar Sanadiki
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When Syria's civil war came to the industrial city of Aleppo in 2012, two textile makers had to choose whether to stay or move their businesses away. Nine months after fighting in Aleppo ended, the struggle of the one who stayed in the city to reopen his factory shows why the other will not return yet from the security of neighboring Jordan.The International Monetary Fund estimated last year that Syria's economy had shrunk by 57 percent during the conflict and its manufacturing sector by 77 percent.The war still dominates Syria's economy, even where the fighting has stopped.Fighting continues outside Aleppo.There were no specific incentives offered for Aleppo.In 2010, Aleppo had about a third of Syria's industrial companies and industry workers, Central Bureau of Statistics figures show.During the decade before the war Assad's economic reforms helped Aleppo's businesses to grow more quickly. Akkad was among the first to leave the small inner city workshops and move his operations into Sheikh Najjar, north of Aleppo, the biggest industrial zone in the city.When rebels took over Moustafa Kawai's factory in 2013, he bought new machines and started producing on a temporary site in a government-held district of Aleppo instead of moving away.
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