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Sabah Fouad was pregnant with her fourth child when a neighbor beat her up on a Cairo street in a dispute over money she owed, and she miscarried.Higher birthrates may prove the most lasting of many unforeseen consequences of Egypt's Arab Spring. Egyptians took to their bedrooms after the February 2011 overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak, a period in which joyfulness soon gave way to chaos. The country added about 11 million people – the population of Greece – in a span of just seven years, as fertility surged to 3.5 children per woman rather than continuing its gradual decline to the government's target of 2.1, the so-called replacement rate. Tawfik says the trouble began before the revolution, when the U.S. Agency for International Development, an arm of the American government that funds development initiatives abroad, began winding down generous funding for family planning programs in Egypt in 2005 .In 2000, the United Nations was projecting that Egypt's population would hit 96 million in 2026 .The government now projects a population of 127 million by 2030, if the fertility rate isn't brought down.There, fertility already had fallen below the replacement rate in the 2000s, and has already tapered off again.
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