Mexican artists confront drug violence with songs and brushes

MEXICO CITY: Dozens of plastic foam heads rain onto the stage. Four drug traffickers in fringed jackets and sparkly pink cowboy hats bat them into the audience with toy AK-47s. All the while, the cast croons, “Let them slit our throats, let them pack us up … let them not ask any questions, let them not investigate.

”This is cabaret, Mexico style. Las Reinas Chulas, or the Beautiful Queens, parody drug violence in a show the women first produced in 2005 and that still fills nightclubs around Mexico.

Like other aspects of Mexican society, violence now pervades the arts. From paintings to movies to opera, the killings and kidnappings that dominate headlines are now the topic du jour for artists trying to process what’s happening to their country.

“Art always tries to talk about where we are heading,” said Ana Francis Mor, a performer with Las Reinas Chulas, who have been invited to perform in the U.S. and Europe.

“It’s a thermometer for society.” Even as the art flourishes, audience reaction and public support have beenmixed, mirroring Mexico’s ambivalence about how to cope with the wave of violence that government figures show has so far taken at least 35,000 lives.

“Every day we hear about the corruption, the killings, the impunity, and it feels like all of that is closer and closer to us, yet no one does anything, no one says anything” said Semiramis Huerta, a cabaret actress in another show, “The United Narcos of Mexico,” which closes with corrupt police and drug traffickers dancing in a chorus line.

Narco themes have been showing up in visual arts for at least a decade, but in the last two years, more exhibits have gone national and even international, and the sheer amount of such art has climbed.

A movie, titled “Hell,” about a town overtaken by a drug lord who is also the mayor, swept the Arieles, the Mexican Oscars, this year. A Mexican art installation that reached the 2009 Venice Art Biennial in Italy includes a person mopping the bare floor with a mixture of water and blood.

Painter Ricardo Delgado Herbert showed his portraits of monster-like hit men holding handguns or automatic rifles at an exhibit of Latin American art in Miami Beach in March. The title of the collection, “Glorious Pistols from A to the Zetas,” refers to the Zetas drug cartel, which is notorious for its gruesome violence.

Now the 36-year-old artist is working on a series of paintings depicting drug traffickers and soldiers as both saviors and executioners in the Stations of the Cross. It’s his way of expressing how Mexicans are trapped in the crossfire between two forces that are neither completely good nor completely bad, Delgado Herbert said.

A sense of disillusionment drives painter Gilda Lorena Martinez, whose series, “City of Sand and Blood,” hung in the halls of the Mexican Congress in April.

Martinez has called Ciudad Juarez, Mexico’s most violent city, home for 20 years and she started putting her feelings on canvas in 2008, as murders in the city were soaring.

She had to shut down her art school after a neighboring business received a bomb threat. One of her art students was killed outside his house.

In her series, ghostly figures with anguished faces are captured in beige and gray, the hues of the desert that surrounds Ciudad Juarez, accented with blood-red brush strokes.

“I was simply painting what I was feeling, as an outlet,” she said. “It’s my way of saying, ‘Look how fractured we are as a society.”‘

While some artists say working with violent themes has helped them process how the lives of Mexicans have changed, others have a more political message.

They say they’re chronicling the complexity of the country’s security situation and how it’s tied to the insatiable demand for drugs in the U.S. and other first-world countries.

Artist Lenin Marquez Salazar paints the rich landscapes of his agricultural state, but with a macabre twist.

Into the pastoral frame, he adds bodies of blindfolded men with their hands and feet tied or wrapped in blankets, duplicating the daily images of drug trafficker victims.

Teresa Margolles, included the floor-mopping piece in her installation at the Mexican Pavilion of the 2009 Venice Art Biennial. She collects artifacts from crime scenes, which are rarely secured in Mexico, such as pieces of glass or cloth dabbed with mud and blood.

Margolles, who has long worked with violent themes, created the art show to fulfill “a social function of mourning, of marking the disappearance of a generation,” said Cuauhtemoc Medina, who curated Margolle’s 2009 exhibit.

“Theresa and I were guided by our disbelief that the 8,000 people killed nationwide by then didn’t count,” added Medina, one of Mexico’s top art curators and critics.

“There is such a social blindness that they need 35,000 dead people to realize this is a total disaster.” In some cases, artists have been asked to exhibit their work at government-run museums, only to have them blocked or edited for being too violent.

Medina said Margolles’ installation titled “What Else Can We Talk About?” was supported by federal and private funds, but Mexico’s Foreign Relations Department pulled out of the exhibit’s organizing committee. He said the government didn’t want to be associated with the themes of the work.

The Foreign Relations Department didn’t respond to a request for comment. In Ciudad Juarez, officials at the city’s Archaeology Museum of the Chamizal edited the name of Martinez’s series down to “City of Sand,” eliminating the world “blood,” when it premiered in February.

The Reinas Chulas have resisted softening their work, and the change in their audience’s mood has been palpable as real-life violence has grown, said Mor, one of the group’s founding performers.

The crowds used to laugh at the group’s antics, which include political satire and outlandish costumes. Now, many of the narco jokes elicit an awkward silence.

“In the last two years, the jokes began to take on a different meaning,” Mor said.

“Some people do seem shocked, but in the end we all laugh, because what’s happening hurts us too much.”

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on July 09, 2011, on page 15.




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