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THURSDAY, 17 APR 2014
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Crushed hope in Egypt as art in New York City
Agence France Presse
File - People view “Mahmoud,” from "Our House Is on Fire," 2013 (right) and “Hamid,” 2013 (left) large scale photographs by Iraninan-born artist and filmmaker Shirin Neshat. (AFP/Stan Honda)
File - People view “Mahmoud,” from "Our House Is on Fire," 2013 (right) and “Hamid,” 2013 (left) large scale photographs by Iraninan-born artist and filmmaker Shirin Neshat. (AFP/Stan Honda)
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NEW YORK: The brutal aftermath of the once-euphoric Egyptian revolution is on stark display in a powerful New York exhibition that lays bare grief, death and shattered hopes.

Three years after protests first erupted across the Arab world, ultimately deposing autocratic rulers in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen, the hopes of millions now lie stagnant or in tatters.

In Egypt, Iranian-American artist Shirin Neshat witnessed the evolution of events firsthand as she traveled between New York and Cairo making a film about the legendary singer Umm Kulthum.

In early 2011, Neshat was swept up in the uprising that saw millions take to the streets to force out Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak after three decades in power.

Hopes of a democratic dawn led to elections but after the Muslim Brotherhood’s Mohammad Morsi took office as president, an increasingly polarized Egypt staggered from crisis to crisis.

By the time she returned in November 2012, the month of Morsi’s power grab that sparked bloody protests and ultimately led to his own sacking, Neshat found that hopes had soured.

“Already, things were going the wrong way,” she told AFP ahead of the opening of her new exhibition, “Our House is on Fire.”

Neshat sought out and photographed elderly Egyptians – street sellers, teachers and housewives – whose faces are etched with the depth of poverty and tragedy so many have endured.

“When you’re confronted with them, I hope it moves people ... the art world seems so distant from this sort of reality,” the elegant, diminutive artist said.

Her subjects came one by one to a small studio near Tahrir Square, the hub of the uprising, and exchanged stories.

As their photographs were taken, she asked each to think about one moment of tragedy.

“Before you know it, a lot of them started crying, then there was a lot of hugging,” Neshat said. “A few of the women had lost children. They started sobbing and then they calmed down. These people have suffered a lot and I think in many ways their expressions went beyond this one thing.”

Upon her return to New York, Neshat shot photographs of feet, taken to resemble the images that struck her most from morgues in Egypt: bodies with identity tags hanging from their toes.

Painted over some of the photographs are calligraphic renderings of verses by Iranian poets Mehdi Akhavan Sales and Forough Farrokhzad about their country under siege and the loss of loved ones.

The launch party hosted an eclectic crowd, a lively mix of art world luminaries, Iranian émigrés, artists and photographers, and aficionados of photography and the Middle East.

Neshat previously photographed youth inspired by the Arab Spring and this exhibition, on show at the Robert Rauschenberg Foundation in the Chelsea gallery district, bookends her experiences.

Born and raised in Iran, Neshat moved to the United States to study and has been a prominent critic of the Islamic Republic.

She won an award in Davos alongside movie star Matt Damon that honors artists who have contributed toward improving the world.

“My [relationship] to politics is very emotional,” she said. “I have very strong feelings and I think artists can do a lot.”

Her assistant, photographer Larry Barnes, had also just lost his daughter when they were in Egypt and was driven by his own grief during a project that expresses personal as well as national loss.

The executive director of the Rauschenberg Foundation, which commissioned the exhibition, dismissed any idea that tragedy in Cairo was out of place in at-times pretentious New York.

“I would say pull your head out of your smartphone and welcome to the global culture.” Christy MacLear said in an interview. “Humanity is the common thread for this – regardless of borders. Shirin’s work shows that so well.”

The sale of limited editions of two of the photographs is expected to raise tens of thousands of dollars that will be given to an as-yet unnamed human rights organization in Egypt.

“It’s not just this cold political reality,” the artist said. “It’s soul. It’s awful.”

“Our House is on Fire” is up at the Robert Rauschenberg Foundation through March 1.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on February 06, 2014, on page 16.
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Story Summary
The brutal aftermath of the once-euphoric Egyptian revolution is on stark display in a powerful New York exhibition that lays bare grief, death and shattered hopes.

Three years after protests first erupted across the Arab world, ultimately deposing autocratic rulers in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen, the hopes of millions now lie stagnant or in tatters.

In Egypt, Iranian-American artist Shirin Neshat witnessed the evolution of events firsthand as she traveled between New York and Cairo making a film about the legendary singer Umm Kulthum.

Hopes of a democratic dawn led to elections but after the Muslim Brotherhood's Mohammad Morsi took office as president, an increasingly polarized Egypt staggered from crisis to crisis.

The launch party hosted an eclectic crowd, a lively mix of art world luminaries, Iranian emigres, artists and photographers, and aficionados of photography and the Middle East.
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