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Two more colossal pharaoh statues unveiled in Egypt

LUXOR, Egypt: Archaeologists unveiled two colossal statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III in Egypt’s famed temple city of Luxor Sunday, adding to an existing pair of world-renowned tourist attractions.

The two monoliths in red quartzite were raised at what European and Egyptian archaeologists said were their original sites in the funerary temple of the king, on the west bank of the Nile. The temple is already famous for its existing 3,400-year-old Memnon colossi – twin statues of Amenhotep III, whose reign archaeologists say marked the political and cultural zenith of ancient Egyptian civilization.

“The world until now knew two Memnon colossi, but from today it will know four colossi of Amenhotep III,” said German-Armenian archaeologist Hourig Sourouzian, who heads the project to conserve the Amenhotep III temple.

The existing two statues, both showing the pharaoh seated, are known across the globe.

As excavators and local villagers washed recently unearthed pieces of artifacts and statues, Sourouzian noted the two restored additions had weathered centuries worth of severe damage.

“The statues had lain in pieces for centuries in the fields,” she said, “damaged by destructive forces of nature like earthquake, and later by irrigation water, salt, encroachment and vandalism.

“This beautiful temple still has enough for us to study and conserve.”

One of the “new” statues is a 250-ton depiction of the pharaoh seated, hands resting on his knees. It is 11.5 meters tall, with a base 1.5 meters high and 3.6 meters wide.

With its now missing double crown, archaeologists said the original statue would have reached a height of 13.5 meters and weighed 450 tons.

The king is depicted wearing a royal pleated kilt held at the waist by a large belt decorated with zigzag lines.

Beside his right leg stands nearly a complete figure of Amenhotep III’s wife Tiye, wearing a large wig and a long, tight-fitting dress.

A statue of Mutemwya, the queen mother, originally beside his left leg, is missing, archaeologists said.

The throne itself is decorated on each side with scenes from that era, showing the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt.

The second statue, of Amenhotep III standing, has been installed at the north gate of the temple.

The team of archaeologists also showed several other ancient pieces of what they said were parts of other statues of the ancient ruler and his relatives, including a well-preserved alabaster head from another Amenhotep III statue.

“This piece is unique,” Sourouzian said. “It is rare, because there are not many alabaster statues in the world.”

The head, shown briefly to some reporters and fellow excavators, has also weathered centuries of damage.

Its nose, eyes and ears are intact, and some signs of centuries-old restoration are clearly evident, archaeologists said. Close to the head lies a statue of Princess Iset, Amenhotep III’s daughter.

Sourouzian said the aim of her team’s work was to preserve these monuments and the temple itself, which she said had suffered at the hands of “nature and mankind.”

“Every ruin, every monument has its right to be treated decently,” said Sourouzian, whose dream as a student was to conserve the Amenhotep III temple.

“The idea is to stop the dismantling of monuments and keep them at their sites,” she said, adding that what was required was steady “international funding” to conserve such world heritage sites.

The work to conserve the Amenhotep III temple is entirely funded through what she said were “private and international donations.”

Pharaoh Amenhotep III inherited an empire that spanned from the Euphrates to Sudan, and he was able to maintain Egypt’s position mainly through diplomacy.

The 18th dynasty ruler became king around the age of 12, with his mother as regent.

Amenhotep III died around 1354 B.C. and was succeeded by his son Amenhotep IV, widely known as Akhenaten.

Luxor is an open-air museum of temples and Pharaonic tombs.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on March 25, 2014, on page 16.

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Summary

Archaeologists unveiled two colossal statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III in Egypt's famed temple city of Luxor Sunday, adding to an existing pair of world-renowned tourist attractions.

The temple is already famous for its existing 3,400-year-old Memnon colossi – twin statues of Amenhotep III, whose reign archaeologists say marked the political and cultural zenith of ancient Egyptian civilization.

The existing two statues, both showing the pharaoh seated, are known across the globe.

With its now missing double crown, archaeologists said the original statue would have reached a height of 13.5 meters and weighed 450 tons.

A statue of Mutemwya, the queen mother, originally beside his left leg, is missing, archaeologists said.

The second statue, of Amenhotep III standing, has been installed at the north gate of the temple.


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