McEwan offers up a fiction about fiction

McEwan bases the espionage plot on actual events during the Cold War.

Ian McEwan’s latest novel, “Sweet Tooth,” is a curious hybrid. Part spy novel, part romance, it’s really a work of fiction about fiction.

The central character is Serena Frome, a Cambridge student recruited for Britain’s domestic spy agency in 1972 by a professor and old MI5 hand.

After their brief affair, she joins the intelligence service, taking her place among the ranks of similarly well-born young women doing glorified secretarial work.

There she is tapped for a mission with the code name Sweet Tooth to secretly funnel money to up-and-coming writers and intellectuals thought to hold a dim view of the Soviet Union.

Her qualifications are her “rather gorgeous” looks and reputation as a voracious reader: “rather well up on modern writing – literature, novels, that sort of thing,” her boss says.

Almost immediately she jeopardizes her career by falling in love with Tom Haley, the writer she’s meant to enlist in MI5’s epic battle against communism.

McEwan bases the espionage plot on actual events during the Cold War, when the CIA surreptitiously funded various cultural enterprises to bolster support for the West.

His spy craft is compelling, his love story less so. Serena has the emotional maturity of a teenager and the politics of her parents’ generation. She fancies herself a character out of Jane Austen in a world that’s moved on to Borges, Barth and Pynchon.

“I craved a form of naive realism,” she declares. “I wasn’t impressed by those writers who infiltrated their own pages as part of the cast, determined to remind the poor reader that all the characters and even they themselves were pure inventions.”

Her oft-repeated literary opinions – “I was a simple sort of reader,” she says later on – suggest that one of her primary roles is as a foil for Tom, who has more sophisticated taste. Indeed, the novel is packed with the postmodern tricks Serena professes to hate.

McEwan embeds narratives within narratives (bequeathing one of his own abandoned novels to Tom), undermines his narrator and injects real-life people and events into his fictional world.

Whether you like the book or not may depend on your view of literature. Do you agree with Serena or with McEwan’s alter ego Tom?

“I liked life as I knew it recreated on the page,” she says. “He said it wasn’t possible to recreate life on the page without tricks.”

Ian McEwan’s “Sweet Tooth” is published by Nan A. Talese/Doubleday.





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