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Culture

Top 15 words added to Merriam-Webster dictionary

Yooper: a native or resident of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan – used as a nickname.

NEW YORK: The top 15 words and definitions added to the latest edition of the Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary were: Auto-Tune or auto-tune vt (verb transitive) (2003): a proprietary signal processor, to adjust or alter (a recording of a voice) with Auto-Tune software or other audio-editing software, especially to correct sung notes that are out of tune.

Cap-and-trade adj (1995): relating to or being a system that caps the amount of carbon emissions a given company may produce but allows it to buy rights to produce additional emissions from a company that does not use the equivalent amount of its own allowance.

Catfish n (1612): (second definition) a person who sets up a false personal profile on a social networking site for fraudulent or deceptive goals.

Crowdfunding n (2006): the practice of soliciting financial contributions from a large number of people, especially from the online community.

Dubstep n (2002): a type of electronic dance music having prominent bass lines and syncopated drum patterns.

Fangirl n (1934): a girl or woman who is an extremely or overly enthusiastic fan of someone or something.

Freegan n (2006): an activist who scavenges for free food (as in waste receptacles at stores and restaurants) as a means of reducing consumption of resources.

Gamification n (2010): the process of adding games or gameline elements to something (as a task) so as to encourage participation.

Hashtag n (2008): a word or phrase preceded by the symbol # that classifies or categorizes the accompanying text, such as a tweet.

Selfie n (2002): an image of oneself taken by oneself using a digital camera, especially for posting on social networks.

Social networking n (1998): the creation and maintenance of personal and business relationships, especially online.

Steampunk n (1987) science fiction dealing with 19th-century societies dominated by historical or imagined steam-powered technology.

Turducken n (1982): a boneless chicken stuffed into a boneless duck stuffed into a boneless turkey.

Tweep n (2008): a person who uses the Twitter online message service to send and receive tweets.

Yooper n (1977): a native or resident of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan – used as a nickname.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on May 21, 2014, on page 13.

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Summary

NEW YORK: The top 15 words and definitions added to the latest edition of the Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary were: Auto-Tune or auto-tune vt (verb transitive) (2003): a proprietary signal processor, to adjust or alter (a recording of a voice) with Auto-Tune software or other audio-editing software, especially to correct sung notes that are out of tune.

Hashtag n (2008): a word or phrase preceded by the symbol # that classifies or categorizes the accompanying text, such as a tweet.

Tweep n (2008): a person who uses the Twitter online message service to send and receive tweets.


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