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Pakistan gang rape inspires New York opera

  • Kamala Sankaram as Mukhtar Mai, Steve Gokool, Theodora Hanslowe, Leela Subramaniam, Kannan Vasudevan, Manu Narayan.

  • Kamala Sankaram, center, as Mukhtar Mai. Photo by Jacob Schlicting/courtesy of the Baruch Performing Arts Center

NEW YORK: To those who complain that opera is an elitist indulgence served to snobs in dinner jackets, New York’s latest world premiere may come as something of a shock.

Inspired by the horrific gang rape of illiterate Pakistani woman Mukhtar Mai on orders of a village council, “Thumbprint” is a $150,000 production currently having an eight-night run in a basement theater in Manhattan.

One of the most infamous sex crimes against women in South Asia, Mai’s 2002 rape, survival and metamorphosis into an international rights icon is as far removed from opera-house pomp as possible.

It may have earned a less-than-glowing review from The New York Times – “muted,” “not quite enough” – but the score successfully blends South Asian and Western music, and the production starkly innovative.

With a simple backcloth doubling up as a film projection screen, a few chairs and charpoys, the simple but powerful staging evokes the heat, the dust and the traditions of a Pakistani village.

Now in her 40s, Mai was raped to avenge her 12-year-old brother’s alleged impropriety with a woman from a rival clan.

Six men were sentenced to death for her rape in a landmark ruling. Five were later acquitted, and the main culprit had his sentence reduced to life imprisonment – facts the opera omits.

Mai’s story has fresh resonance since the brutal gang rape of a student on a New Delhi bus and her subsequent death a little over a year ago sparked international outrage about violence against women in India.

“It’s inspiring,” said the opera’s Indian-American composer Kamala Sankaram, who also sings the lead role. “This is a person who was completely illiterate and knew nothing of her rights and the laws of her country and yet she had the courage to step out.”

There is no staged recreation of the rape, which is instead portrayed by muffled shrieks of terror interspersed with a knife slashing open bags of sand.

Sankaram worked to recreate Mai’s world by combining Hindustani music, Western composition, qawwali songs and Bollywood.

“I am a sitar player as well as being a Western musician, so I wanted to bring in elements of traditional culture but still keep it something acceptable to Western listeners.”

Pakistan is thousands of miles from New York but playwright and novelist Susan Yankowitz, who wrote the libretto, says the opera was about courage and universal vulnerability of women.

“The main question that is repeated throughout the opera is, ‘Where did you find your courage?” she said. “In a dry season, someone must be the first drop of rain.

“The courage is to be the first drop of rain, and that’s what I hope people will take away from it and inspire people to take some action they would otherwise not have the courage to do.”

Compared to the majesty of New York’s Metropolitan Opera House a few kilometers up the road, “Thumbprint” is a tiny production with a six-person chamber orchestra and cast of six singers.

It is being shown as part of a small chamber music opera festival in its second year. Manu Narayan, the Broadway star who has won rave reviews as an all-too-realistic unrepentant rapist, welcomed the opera and the Prototype opera festival as a vital platform for young composers.

“This festival is so wonderful,” Narayan told AFP. “It really creates a very focused platform for new works and great stories that need to be told, and the story of Mukhtar Mai is one of the prime examples.”

Organizers hope the 90-minute production will eventually tour India and Pakistan.

Unable to find a suitable sarangi player, Sankaram’s score has been written for flute, violin, viola, piano (with harmonium on the side) and a double bass and percussionist.

Most singers perform more than one part and the Baruch Performing Arts Center seats just 170 people.

It’s unclear what Mai makes of it all. Since the attack, she has set up a school for girls and won prominence in the West for her outspoken stance on the oppression of women.Kamala Sankaram’s “Thumbprint” ends its run at New York’s Baruch Performing Arts Center Saturday.

 
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Summary

Inspired by the horrific gang rape of illiterate Pakistani woman Mukhtar Mai on orders of a village council, "Thumbprint" is a $150,000 production currently having an eight-night run in a basement theater in Manhattan.

Sankaram worked to recreate Mai's world by combining Hindustani music, Western composition, qawwali songs and Bollywood.

It is being shown as part of a small chamber music opera festival in its second year.

Organizers hope the 90-minute production will eventually tour India and Pakistan.

Most singers perform more than one part and the Baruch Performing Arts Center seats just 170 people.

Sankaram's "Thumbprint" ends its run at New York's Baruch Performing Arts Center Saturday.


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