Scalp electrodes pick up how children’s brains react to sounds such as speech in a noisy background.
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New U.S. research suggests it may be possible to predict which preschoolers will struggle to read – and it has to do with how the brain deciphers speech when it's noisy.There are some simple pre-reading assessments for preschoolers.How well youngsters' brains recognize specific sounds – consonants – amid background noise can help identify who is more likely to have trouble with reading development, the team reported Tuesday in the journal PLOS Biology.The 30-minute test predicted how well 3-year-olds performed a language-development skill and how those same youngsters fared a year later on several standard pre-reading assessments, the team reported.While the machines are common among brain specialists, this particular use is complicated and expensive, and further research is necessary, Kraus cautioned. Her ultimate goal is to test how a child's brain processes sound even younger, maybe one day as a part of the routine newborn hearing screening.
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