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Global pressure pushes back Israel’s red lines
Agence France Presse
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu visits a French-Israeli technology innovation summit at a hotel in the Mediterranean coastal city of Tel Aviv on Tuesday, Nov. 19, 2013.(AP Photo/Jack Guez, Pool)
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu visits a French-Israeli technology innovation summit at a hotel in the Mediterranean coastal city of Tel Aviv on Tuesday, Nov. 19, 2013.(AP Photo/Jack Guez, Pool)
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OCCUPIED JERUSALEM: The nuclear deal signed with Iran, and Israel’s participation in an EU project which bars settlement funding, is proving the effectiveness of external pressure on the Jewish state, experts say.U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry is expected to arrive in the region Wednesday for his first visit since world powers reached an interim agreement with Iran to scale back its nuclear program in exchange for limited sanctions relief, which Israel has denounced as “a historic mistake.”

It also comes after the Jewish state agreed to join an EU scientific research project, despite the fact that it bars funding for any Israeli entity with operations beyond the 1967 Green Line.

For the Palestinians, the deal reached with Iran, despite massive Israeli opposition, could have resonance for the waterlogged peace talks.

“What happened in Geneva is a good deal, and a good model,” chief Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erakat said at an event marking the one-year anniversary of the U.N. General Assembly recognizing Palestine as an observer state.

“It’s a good model that could be applied here also, if you chose to.”

He also hailed European Union guidelines unveiled this year which bar any EU grants or funding for scientific or research project with ties to the settlements.

Omar Barghouti, head of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement which lobbies for the economic, cultural and academic boycott of Israel, said the guidelines were “a first step in the right direction.”

“Despite its unparalleled colonial arrogance, Israel’s far-right government has climbed down the tree and accepted a new EU reality that cannot continue business as usual with Israeli institutions and banks that are involved in the occupation and settlement business,” he told AFP.

“Public grassroots and civil society pressure in EU countries on government officials and on the EU bureaucracy has been the most important factor behind the relative strengthening of EU compliance with its own laws and ... its obligations under international law.”

Andreas Reinicke, the EU’s representative to the peace process, has warned that if the ongoing peace talks fail, the campaign to clearly label products as made in the settlements would gain pace.

“When I assumed office [in February 2012], there were two countries that supported marking goods from the settlements,” he said, quoted by Maariv newspaper. “Now, 14 countries support this ... Obviously this matter will come up again if the sides do not reach an agreement.”

The left-leaning Haaretz newspaper said the boycott threat was effective and had forced Israel’s hand in the case of the European Union’s flagship Horizon 2020 research funding program, which it agreed to join last week despite the ban on funding for groups linked to the settlements.

“It appears that international sanctions work and that a boycott is a tool like no other,” wrote commentator Gideon Levy, an outspoken critic of the occupation.

Israel’s signing of the Horizon 2020 agreement “is irrefutable proof that a boycott threat works well with Israel, too,” Levy added.

“So the time has come for sanctions. This worked with Iran, and it will work with Israel.”

Even Kerry, who has thrown his full weight behind the talks, would eventually come to realize that, Levy wrote.

“Even he will eventually come around because as long as Israelis don’t pay a price for the occupation or are blind to it, they won’t end it.”

In the same paper, Moshe Arens, who is from the opposite end of the political spectrum, denounced the decision “to succumb” to an ultimatum by EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton, while acknowledging it would be of financial benefit to Israel. “But can the cost to Israel be measured only in monetary terms? How about the cost to Israel’s image?” he asked.

“And the cost of the precedent set by this ignominious retreat from the positions held by successive Israeli governments regarding the Israelis residing beyond the 1949 armistice lines?” he added.

The New York Times said that the Iran agreement was likely to force Israel to face up to a new reality – which could impact on its relationship with the Palestinians.

“Just as the United States has had to adapt to a world where its power is unmatched but no longer determinant, Israel will have to do the same,” Roger Cohen wrote.

“It was important that President [Barack] Obama set down a marker, as he has through this deal, one that may spur new strategic reflection in Israel.”

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on December 05, 2013, on page 9.
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