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Analysis

Russia waging war against Ukraine: president

Pro-Russia supporters beat a pro-Western activist who lies on the stairs during a pro Russian rally in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Sunday, April 13, 2014. (AP Photo/ Olga Ivashchenko)

SLAVYANSK, Ukraine: Ukraine’s acting president Sunday accused Russia of waging war in his country’s separatist east and declared the launch of a “full-scale anti-terrorist operation” that left at least two dead.

“Blood has been spilled in a war that is being waged against Ukraine by Russia,” Oleksandr Turchynov told the nation in a televised address, adding that “we will not allow Russia to repeat the Crimean scenario in the east of Ukraine.”

“The national security and defence council has decided to launch a full-scale anti-terrorist operation involving the armed forces of Ukraine.”

Russia’s Foreign Ministry responded by saying the West should bring its allies in Ukraine’s government under control. “It is now the West’s responsibility to prevent civil war in Ukraine,” the Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

The clashes broke out a day after masked gunmen stormed a series of police and security service buildings in coordinated raids that Washington’s U.N. envoy Samantha Power Sunday said bore “tell-tale signs of Moscow’s involvement.”

The heavily Russified region has been riven by unrest since a team of Western-backed leaders rose to power in February on the back of bloody protests against the old regime’s decision to reject an EU alliance and seek future assistance from the Kremlin.

Russia has since massed around 40,000 soldiers along Ukraine’s eastern frontier and threatened to halt its neighbor’s gas supplies over unpaid bills – a cutoff that would impact at least 18 EU nations and potentially lead to further retaliation against the Kremlin.

Saturday’s attacks were especially unsettling for both Kiev and Western leaders because of their marked similarity to events leading up to Russia’s annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea peninsula last month.

The balaclava-clad gunmen were armed with special-issue assault rifles and scopes most often used by nations’ crack security troops.

Many wore unmarked camouflage uniforms similar to those seen on the highly trained units that seized the Black Sea peninsula in early March. They also moved with military precision and cohesion.

Moscow denied any involvement and warned Kiev that the use of force against pro-Russian protesters could ruin the chances of the two sides sitting down for U.S.- EU mediated talks in Geneva Thursday.

Ukraine’s Interior Minister Arsen Avakov announced the launch of a counterstrike against the armed separatists in the eastern Donetsk region early Sunday morning.

He said crack units from Ukraine’s SBU security service moved first into the city of Slavyansk to regain control of a police station that had been seized by about 20 militants Saturday. But Avakov admitted that his troops had to “regroup” after meeting stiff resistance and suffering casualties.

“There are dead and wounded on both sides. On our side – an SBU officer. The head of the SBU’s anti-terrorist center has been wounded, as have four others,” Avakov wrote on his Facebook page.

“On [the] side of the separatists – an unidentified number. The separatists have started to protect themselves using human shields.”

Russia’s state-run RIA Novosti news agency cited one local protester as saying that a civilian had also been killed and two others injured.

The local administration separately reported a series of heavy clashes on a highway linking Slavyansk with the region’s capital Donetsk to the south.

The Donetsk adminstration said one person was killed and four wounded in an “ongoing armed standoff” on a stretch of the road connecting Slavyansk and the town of Artemivsk.

The statement added that authorities were still checking to see “whose side the casualties were on.”

Slavyansk residents meanwhile reported a run on stores and general panic among locals in the poor mining town of 100,000 people.

“By nine in the morning, the stores had run out of bread,” 47-year-old Yelena told AFP as attack helicopters hovered overhead.

“Everyone is in panic. People are waiting for a war to break out.”

The latest wave of unrest began last weekend when protesters seized government offices in Donetsk after similar actions in the eastern cities of Lugansk and Kharkiv.

The Donetsk protesters heavily fortified the building and announced the independence of the “ Donetsk People’s Republic,” the flag of which has gone up over newly seized security buildings across the region.

But many of the pro-Russian protests have only drawn crowds of a few hundred people, and local polls have showed that the majority of citizens in the Russian-speaking east would prefer to remain part of Ukraine.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on April 14, 2014, on page 11.

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Summary

Ukraine's acting president Sunday accused Russia of waging war in his country's separatist east and declared the launch of a "full-scale anti-terrorist operation" that left at least two dead.

Russia's Foreign Ministry responded by saying the West should bring its allies in Ukraine's government under control.

Russia has since massed around 40,000 soldiers along Ukraine's eastern frontier and threatened to halt its neighbor's gas supplies over unpaid bills – a cutoff that would impact at least 18 EU nations and potentially lead to further retaliation against the Kremlin.

Saturday's attacks were especially unsettling for both Kiev and Western leaders because of their marked similarity to events leading up to Russia's annexation of Ukraine's Crimea peninsula last month.

Ukraine's Interior Minister Arsen Avakov announced the launch of a counterstrike against the armed separatists in the eastern Donetsk region early Sunday morning.

Russia's state-run RIA Novosti news agency cited one local protester as saying that a civilian had also been killed and two others injured.


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