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Analysis

Saudi king aims for smooth succession

File - Saudi Arabia's then intelligence chief Prince Muqrin bin Abdulaziz gestures during a news conference in Riyadh, in this November 24, 2007. (REUTERS/Ali Jarekji)

RIYADH: Saudi King Abdullah’s unprecedented decision to appoint a second heir to his throne appears aimed at ensuring a smooth succession in a region thrown into turmoil by the Arab Spring.

It also opens the door for the next generation to step up in an ultraconservative state ruled for decades by aging monarchs.

The 90-year-old monarch took the surprise measure Thursday naming his youngest half brother Prince Muqrin bin Abdul-Aziz as a second heir, next in line after the ailing Crown Prince Salman.

In effect, he stripped Prince Salman of the customary right to name his successor.

The king’s decision was passed by three quarters of the Board of Succession, established by King Abdullah himself in 2006 to institutionalize the process of transition.

The council would normally exercise its prerogatives after the monarch’s death.

King Abdullah wants to assure a rapid succession by this internal reorganization of power within the family, a source told AFP, adding that the decision had been “taken in agreement with Crown Prince Salman.”

The source said the king also informed the board of his intention to appoint his son Mitab as second deputy premier.

The king wants to prepare his son, who is currently the minister of the national guard, to be next in line of succession after Muqrin, the same source said.

The decision came on the eve of a visit by U.S. President Barack Obama, a message to the visitor who is expected to advise Saudi authorities to bring new blood into their aging leadership, according to diplomats.

Obama was expected to discuss with his hosts ways to “assure a smooth transition as the rulers of the kingdom grow old and suffer health problems,” a diplomat told AFP.

“The Americans do not like surprises in this country, which is the world’s top oil exporter, and has an impact on the international oil market,” he added.

Another diplomat stressed that “the stability of the kingdom is a priority for the United States.”

But Saudi columnist Abderrahman al-Rashed insisted that “Obama has no right to decide for the Saudis how to manage their affairs.”

The kingdom is “more capable than its American friends think in sorting its internal affairs,” he wrote in Asharq al-Awsat newspaper.

In May last year, King Abdullah upgraded the National Guard, the kingdom’s parallel army seen as a pillar of the ruling royals, to a ministry and appointed Sandhurst-educated Prince Mitab its head.

Analysts believe the aging Al-Saud dynasty will have to pass the baton to a new generation, the grandsons of the kingdom’s founder.

The oil-rich Gulf kingdom has grown “more aware of the need for a quick decision concerning the process of succession,” said Asharq al-Awsat.

The king wants to “protect the country from unpleasant and unexpected developments,” read the editorial in the paper.

“Saudi Arabia is in the middle of a troubled and severely agitated region. Some states have collapsed and others are on the verge of collapsing,” it said.

Under the usual rules of succession, power passes from brother to brother under the right of primogeniture among the sons of Abdul-Aziz bin Saud, the kingdom’s founder.

Crown Prince Salman, 79, is reputed to be ill and might not claim the throne at all, according to a source close to the circle of power.

Muqrin, 69, had already moved a step in the direction of the throne when the monarch appointed him last year as the second deputy prime minister. Prior to that, he served as the head of intelligence for seven years.

He is one of the principal “confidants” of the king, diplomats said. His appointment is aimed at avoiding a conflict over the throne within the dynasty, as the oil heavyweight vies to fend off the risk of being affected by the Arab Spring uprisings.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on March 29, 2014, on page 11.

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Summary

Saudi King Abdullah's unprecedented decision to appoint a second heir to his throne appears aimed at ensuring a smooth succession in a region thrown into turmoil by the Arab Spring.

The king's decision was passed by three quarters of the Board of Succession, established by King Abdullah himself in 2006 to institutionalize the process of transition.

King Abdullah wants to assure a rapid succession by this internal reorganization of power within the family, a source told AFP, adding that the decision had been "taken in agreement with Crown Prince Salman".

The source said the king also informed the board of his intention to appoint his son Mitab as second deputy premier.

In May last year, King Abdullah upgraded the National Guard, the kingdom's parallel army seen as a pillar of the ruling royals, to a ministry and appointed Sandhurst-educated Prince Mitab its head.


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