TOKYO: Japanese electronics giant Panasonic said Thursday that it would give employees sent to China a wage premium to account for the country’s hazardous air pollution, in a possible first for an international company.
A Panasonic spokesman declined to give details about the premium, or say how many expatriate workers it employs in China.
So-called hardship pay is not unusual for employees of foreign firms sent to work to China. But Panasonic is believed to be the first to announce a premium to compensate for polluted air.
The move was part of a wider deal reached in Japan’s annual labor talks, which saw major firms, including Panasonic and Toyota, agree to boost workers’ salaries for the first time in years, amid concerns about an economic slowdown after a sales tax rise next month.
A company document from the labor talks said: “As for the premium for expatriates to compensate for a different living environment, the company will have a special review for those sent to Chinese cities.”
Over the weekend, a top Chinese environment official said that air quality was below national standards in almost all the country’s major cities last year, after Premier Li Keqiang pledged to “declare war” on pollution.
Only three out of the 74 cities monitored by the government met a new air quality standard, said Wu Xiaoqing, a vice minister of environment protection, underscoring a problem that has set off alarm bells over health concerns.
The Panasonic document referenced so-called PM 2.5 – small particles which easily penetrate the lungs and have been linked to hundreds of thousands of premature deaths.
The standard lists limits on a string of pollutants including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and airborne particles.
Levels of PM 2.5 have repeatedly reached more than 400 micrograms per cubic meter, according to a count by the U.S. Embassy in Beijing, more than 16 times the World Health Organization’s safety guideline of 25 micrograms.
Chinese cities are regularly cloaked in a smoggy haze, with many residents donning masks to avoid taking in the toxic air.
The public has been increasingly angered by the severe environmental consequences of the country’s rapid industrialization.
The country’s heavy and chemical industries, its reliance on coal as its main energy source, rapidly growing car emissions and widespread urban construction have all been blamed for helping exacerbate the problem.
Chinese authorities have repeatedly pledged action in recent months, but experts warn that implementation will be key.
In a speech to the annual session of the National People’s Congress this month, Li said: “We will declare war against pollution and fight it with the same determination we battled poverty.”