Pakistan prepares to reopen NATO supply lines

Fuel tanker trucks, used to transport fuel to NATO forces in Afghanistan, are seen parked near oil terminals in Pakistan's port city of Karachi on July 4, 2012. (AFP PHOTO / RIZWAN TABASSUM)

KARACHI: Thousands of Pakistani truck drivers Wednesday prepared to resume key NATO supply convoys into Afghanistan and end a bitter seven-month standoff, after Washington apologized over a botched air raid.

Islamabad agreed to reopen the land routes into its war-torn neighbour after US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said she was sorry for the deaths of 24 Pakistani soldiers in an air strike in November.

The incident enraged Pakistan, prompting the closure of the supply lines and plunging ties with the United States to a new low, after the US raid to kill Osama bin Laden.

As part of the deal, which followed months of negotiations, Washington will release about $1.1 billion to the Pakistani military from a US "coalition support fund" designed to reimburse Pakistan for the cost of counter-insurgency operations.

Islamabad, a key but wary US ally in the fight against Taliban militants, had steadfastly insisted on an apology for the November attack, but Washington had previously only expressed regret.

In the sprawling port city of Karachi on Wednesday, drivers and their helpers were cleaning hundreds of trucks that have stood idle during the seven-month layoff.

Driver Mohammad Hassan, 45, said he was pleased the convoys would resume.

"We were unemployed for a long time. Many vehicles broke down due to prolonged parking. Now we shall have our livelihood again," he told AFP.

"This job is dangerous, but we have to make a living," he said, while urging the government to provide the convoys with more protection.

The deal, formally approved by the full cabinet on Wednesday, drew a swift warning from the Pakistani Taliban, who vowed to attack the trucks and kill the drivers if they resumed ferrying supplies to Afghanistan.

The president of the All Pakistan Oil Tankers Owners Association Akram Khan Durrani said the move would be welcome news for his 10,000 drivers and crew, but he urged the government to take action on security.

"The government should issue a regulation under which all NATO supply vehicles have a different colour and are given security cover, so that other vehicles are not attacked by militants and we do our work without any fear," he told AFP.

Durrani said before the ban there were 5,000 oil tankers supplying Afghanistan, but this figure has fallen to 3,000 after many vehicles were dumped or converted to other uses.

The land routes into Afghanistan are vital as the United States and its NATO allies withdraw troops and equipment built up in Afghanistan since the 2001 invasion.

The blockade had forced the United States and its allies to rely on longer, more expensive northern routes through Central Asia, Russia and the Caucasus, costing the US military about $100 million a month, according to the Pentagon.

At the Torkham border crossing, the main transit point for vehicles travelling into Afghanistan, the lone parking terminal for NATO vehicles was still empty, as it will take days for the trucks to drive up from Karachi.

Customs officials were preparing for the influx of vehicles and some officials voiced concerns about about attacks.

"For the moment some 550 security personnel are providing security but we will have to raise their number," Miraj Khan, an administrative official, told AFP.

Initial hopes of a deal on reopening the routes fell apart at a NATO summit in Chicago in May amid reports that Pakistan was demanding huge fees for the thousands of trucks that rumble across the border every year.

Clinton stressed "Pakistan will continue not to charge any transit fee".

Cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan, the head of the opposition Movement for Justice, condemned the deal, saying it was unacceptable while the United States continued to carry out drone strikes on Pakistani soil.

The deal was announced just days before a donor meeting on Afghanistan in Tokyo, as some of the international focus now shifts to rebuilding in Afghanistan with almost all foreign combat troops due to withdraw by the end of 2014.

The US commander of NATO-led forces in Afghanistan, General John Allen, praised the deal as "a demonstration of Pakistan's desire to help secure a brighter future for both Afghanistan and the region at large."





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