KHIMKI, Russia: President Vladimir Putin’s loyalists appeared likely Sunday to retain their hold in thousands of local elections that offered more room for competition, but were marred by opposition claims of vote manipulations.
The Kremlin eased stiff election laws in response to major protests against Putin’s rule last winter, but introduced new restrictions after the demonstrations abated. Kremlin-approved governors and mayors are expected to preserve their seats and the Kremlin’s main United Russia party will likely keep dominating local legislatures and municipal councils.
In one of the most visible races Sunday, opposition activist Yevgeniya Chirikova was challenging the government-backed acting mayor of Khimki, a town just outside Moscow.
Chirikova, a 35-year-old mother of two who helped organize the anti-Putin protests in Moscow, filed two petitions – alleging her rival broke campaign rules and that election officials manipulated voter lists. Authorities rejected her complaints, and it was unclear when a court could issue its verdict.
“If the elections were fair, then I’d have some kind of chance,” Chirikova said Sunday. “But since the elections in this country are what they are, then my chances are different.”
An exit poll by VTsiOM opinion survey agency showed Khimki Mayor Oleg Shakhov winning 40 percent of the vote, while Chirikova was trailing him with 20 percent. Official results are expected Monday.
Local authorities repeatedly denied Chirikova a public space to hold a rally; when she and Ksenia Sobchak, a glamorous TV host who became a face of Moscow protests, leafleted a tram this week, an obviously nervous conductor announced the vehicle was broken down and forced all passengers off, after which it drove away, apparently without any problem.
Chirikova’s supporters allege her Kremlin-backed rival is prepared to go to any lengths to prevent her winning, citing alleged ballot irregularities and even threats of violence to observers.
“I’m convinced they decided to do everything with pen and paper after the polls close,” Nikolai Lyasky, Chirikova’s campaign manager, said. Observers reported seeing “carousel” voters being ferried on buses between polling stations to vote multiple times, a practice applied frequently in the fraud-tainted parliamentary elections in December that triggered anti-Putin protests.
But with turnout low at around 25 percent and antipathy toward Chirikova from pension-age voters high, few expect she had much chance of winning in the first place.
Chirikova won fame a few years ago by conducting a fiery campaign to save a local forest from being chopped down to build a highway. She lost that battle to powerful commercial interests, but has since become a prominent opposition figure.
Chirikova’s campaign reflected challenges also faced by other opposition candidates in nearly 5,000 local elections held Sunday in 77 of Russia’s 83 regions.
The opposition Just Russia and Yabloko parties, and Russia’s only independent election monitoring group, Golos, pointed at activists’ reports on “carousel” voting in many regions of Russia and said that authorities at some polling stations failed to allow observers to verify that ballot boxes were properly sealed. At some others, monitors were denied permission to check voter lists.
In western Russia’s Tula region, an observer from Yabloko had her finger broken in a scuffle with a group of people who tried to stuff a ballot box.
“This kind of open impudence looks scary,” Grigory Melkonyants, Golos deputy head, said of the vote violations registered by the group Sunday.
Responding to protests that drew up to 100,000 people in Moscow, the Kremlin had restored direct elections of provincial governors, which had been abolished by Putin nearly eight years ago. But after Putin’s inauguration for a third presidential term in May, he struck back at his foes with repressive bills.