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MONDAY, 21 APR 2014
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Ukraine police give protesters deadline, ministers urge calm
A woman carrying religious pictures points at Interior Ministry personnel during a rally to support EU integration in Kiev December 5, 2013. (REUTERS/Vasily Fedosenko)
A woman carrying religious pictures points at Interior Ministry personnel during a rally to support EU integration in Kiev December 5, 2013. (REUTERS/Vasily Fedosenko)
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KIEV: Ukrainian police Thursday gave demonstrators five days to leave public buildings they have occupied in protest against a government policy lurch back toward Russia, as ministers at a European security conference urged a peaceful end to the confrontation.

Prime Minister Mykola Azarov defended his government’s handling of the crisis since Kiev walked away from a trade deal with the European Union, and clashed with Germany’s foreign minister over charges that police had used excessive force against the protesters.

“Nazis, extremists and criminals cannot be, in any way, our partners in ‘eurointegration,’” the government website quoted Azarov as telling Germany’s Guido Westerwelle, referring to protesters who have blockaded the main government offices and occupied other public buildings.

Westerwelle, who is in Kiev for a foreign ministers’ meeting of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, expressed concern about police behavior at the protests last weekend.

“Recent events, in particular the violence against peaceful demonstrators last Saturday in Kiev worry me greatly,” said Westerwelle, who visited the main protest center on Kiev’s Independence Square Wednesday.

“Ukraine has a responsibility to protect peaceful demonstrators from any kind of intimidation and violence. The way Ukraine responds to the pro-European rallies is a yardstick for how seriously Ukraine takes the shared values of the OSCE,” he added, echoing comments of other ministers at the meeting.

The crisis has again exposed a tug-of-war in Ukraine, which has oscillated between the EU and its former masters in Moscow since the Orange Revolution nine years ago overturned the post-Soviet political order.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, however, accused some of his European counterparts of overreacting to President Viktor Yanukovich’s abrupt decision last month to pursue closer trade relations with Moscow.

“This situation is linked with the hysteria that some Europeans have raised over Ukraine which, using its sovereign right, decided at the current moment not to sign any agreement which Ukrainian experts and authorities considered disadvantageous,” Russia’s Itar-Tass news agency quoted Lavrov as saying on the sidelines of the OSCE meeting.

The standoff between pro-EU protesters and the government, is taking a toll on Ukraine’s fragile economy. The central bank has twice been forced to support the currency this week and the cost of insuring the country’s debt against default has risen further.

But Yanukovich, who is visiting Beijing, suggested some relief could be on the way, signing documents for deals with China on agriculture, infrastructure improvement and energy.

The street protests were triggered by Yanukovich’s government abruptly announcing on Nov. 21 that it was suspending preparations for signing an association and trade pact with the EU after years of careful negotiations and reviving trade ties instead with Russia.

The Kiev government says it has not walked away from a deal with Europe, but is taking a strategic “pause” while it seeks to negotiate a new “road map” with Russia to help it patch up its economy.

Azarov’s deputy, Serhiy Arbuzov, who is preparing to head Ukraine’s first high-level delegation to Brussels soon to repair some of the political damage, suggested the government might be ready to consider one of the opposition’s demands – early parliamentary elections.

But there has been no suggestion from Azarov that he is ready to go along with this idea.

In his comments to Westerwelle, at a face-to-face meeting on the sidelines of the OSCE meeting, he spoke only of not giving in to “extremist” views from the streets.

On the eve of the OSCE meeting, Westerwelle visited Independence Square – the focal point of the protest – with two Ukrainian opposition leaders, former economy minister Arseny Yatsenyuk and Vitaly Klitschko, a heavyweight boxing world champion.

About 3,000 demonstrators, evoking memories of the 2004-5 “Orange Revolution,” have set up an encampment there, huddling round blazing braziers, swapping anecdotes about the events of the day and following news developments on a huge TV screen.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, in neighboring Moldova after skipping a visit to Ukraine, said Ukrainians should be free to choose their future.

“This is about building the bridges of opportunity and defining the future of your own hopes and aspirations,” he said. “To the people of Ukraine we say the same thing – you too deserve the opportunity to choose your own future.”

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on December 06, 2013, on page 10.
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