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Ukraine rebels appeal to join Russia after vote

DONETSK/SLAVIANSK, Ukraine: Pro-Moscow rebel leaders in eastern Ukraine called Monday for their region to become part of Russia, the day after staging a referendum on self-rule, but Moscow stopped short of endorsing their bid for annexation.

Announcing the result of the vote in one of the two provinces where it was held, a leader of the “People’s Republic of Donetsk,” Denis Pushilin, said it was now an independent state and would appeal to join the Russian Federation.

“The people of Donetsk have always been part of the Russian world. For us, the history of Russia is our history,” he told a news conference. “Based on the will of the people and on the restoration of a historic justice, we ask the Russian Federation to consider the absorption of the Donetsk People’s Republic into the Russian Federation.”

In neighboring Luhansk, officials said they might now hold a second referendum on joining Russia, similar to one held in Crimea, a Ukrainian region Moscow seized and annexed in March.

Donetsk and Luhansk together are home to 6.5 million people and produce around a third of Ukraine’s industrial output, creating the biggest new self-proclaimed independent states in Europe since the breakups of Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union itself over 20 years ago.

Donetsk separatists said over 80 percent of voters had supported independence. Those in Luhansk said more than 96 percent did.

The government in Kiev and its Western backers say the exercise was absurd, with no legal basis, insecure polling stations, old voter lists, ballots that could be easily reproduced and self-proclaimed vote officials openly promoting secession. They say residents who support a united Ukraine were most likely to have stayed home out of fear of rebel gunmen and to avoid lending the vote credibility.

Unlike in Crimea, Moscow has stopped short of recognizing the two regions as independent from Kiev and has said nothing to suggest it would endorse their absorption into Russia. President Vladimir Putin even called last week for the referendum to be postponed.

But Moscow Monday indicated clearly that it intends to use the results of the referendums to put pressure on the government in Kiev to recognize the rebels in the east as a legitimate side in talks. “We believe that the results of the referendum should be brought to life within the framework of dialogue between Kiev, Donetsk and Luhansk,” the Russian Foreign Ministry said.

It accused the Kiev government of a “criminal lack of readiness for dialogue with their own people.”

The Russian stance appears calculated to entrench Moscow’s allies in control of Ukraine’s industrial heartland without taking the sort of overt steps – sending in ground forces or formally recognising the regions’ split from Kiev – that might invite tough sanctions from the West.

The mayor of Slaviansk, a small city in the Donetsk region that has become the most heavily fortified rebel redoubt, said Ukrainian troops were now occupiers, and Russian troops should be invited to help defend the area.

“They should go,” Vyacheslav Ponomaryov said of Ukrainian forces. “We’re going to defend our territory.”

As for bringing in Russian forces: “I support this. We need Russian troops to provide stability and a peaceful life in the region’s future.”

The European Union added the names of some individuals and firms Monday to a list of those facing asset freezes and travel bans, measures Moscow has long mocked.

But both Brussels and Washington have so far stopped short of wider sanctions designed to hurt Russia’s economy more broadly, despite repeated threats.

The United States and European Union both said they would not recognize the results of the “illegal” referendum.

However, in the latest sign that the West is not ready to impose more serious economic measures, diplomatic sources said France would press ahead with a 1.2 billion euro ($1.7 billion) contract to sell helicopter carrier ships to Russia because canceling it would hurt Paris more than Moscow.

Losing control of Donetsk and Luhansk would be a crippling blow for Ukraine, a country of around 45 million people the size of France, facing bankruptcy after half a year of turmoil.

Donetsk and Luhansk produce more than 15 percent of Ukraine’s GDP, including around a third of its industrial output from the giant steel smelters and other heavy industry of the Donbass, one of Europe’s most productive coal producing regions. If they slip out of Kiev’s control without being formally absorbed by Moscow, they would become by far the biggest and most economically important of the self-proclaimed independent statelets Russia protects in other parts of the ex-Soviet Union.

The government in Kiev and Western nations accuse Russia of stirring up unrest in the east following the overthrow of a pro-Moscow president in February by protesters demanding closer links with Europe.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on May 13, 2014, on page 1.

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Summary

Pro-Moscow rebel leaders in eastern Ukraine called Monday for their region to become part of Russia, the day after staging a referendum on self-rule, but Moscow stopped short of endorsing their bid for annexation.

Donetsk and Luhansk together are home to 6.5 million people and produce around a third of Ukraine's industrial output, creating the biggest new self-proclaimed independent states in Europe since the breakups of Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union itself over 20 years ago.

Unlike in Crimea, Moscow has stopped short of recognizing the two regions as independent from Kiev and has said nothing to suggest it would endorse their absorption into Russia.

Donetsk and Luhansk produce more than 15 percent of Ukraine's GDP, including around a third of its industrial output from the giant steel smelters and other heavy industry of the Donbass, one of Europe's most productive coal producing regions. If they slip out of Kiev's control without being formally absorbed by Moscow, they would become by far the biggest and most economically important of the self-proclaimed independent statelets Russia protects in other parts of the ex-Soviet Union.


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