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U.S. to keep 9,800 troops in Afghanistan

A man rides a horse on the road to Bagram Airfield in Parwan on May 26, 2014. (AFP PHOTO/Brendan SMIALOWSKI)

WASHINGTON: President Barack Obama will seek to keep 9,800 U.S. troops in Afghanistan after the war formally ends later this year, and will withdraw most of those forces by the end of 2016, senior U.S. administration officials said Tuesday.

The decision is largely in line with what military commanders have been seeking and will allow the president to fully end the American-led military effort by the time he leaves office.

The two-year plan is contingent on the Afghan government signing a bilateral security agreement with the U.S. While outgoing Afghan President Hamid Karzai has declined to sign the agreement, U.S. officials are confident that either of the candidates seeking to replace him would give their approval.

The plan calls for the U.S. military to draw down from its current force of 32,000 to 9,800 by the start of next year. Those troops, dispatched throughout Afghanistan, will focus on counterterrorism and the training of Afghan security forces. They will not be engaged in combat missions.

Over the course of next year, the number of troops will be cut in half and consolidated in the capital of Kabul and at Bagram Airfield, the main U.S. base in Afghanistan. Those remaining forces will largely be withdrawn by the end of 2016, with fewer than 1,000 remaining behind to staff a security office in Kabul.

The American forces will probably be bolstered by a few thousand NATO troops. The total NATO presence, including U.S. troops, is expected to be around 12,000 at the start of next year.

Obama was to announce the plan at the White House late Tuesday. He is just back from a surprise weekend trip to Afghanistan, where he met with U.S. commanders and American forces serving in the closing months of America’s longest war.

The officials providing details of the announcement insisted on anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the plan by name ahead of the president.

Ahead of his remarks, Obama was expected to speak with Karzai, who has had a tumultuous relationship with the White House. The two leaders did not see each other while Obama was in Afghanistan, but they did speak by phone as Air Force One was returning to Washington.

Obama has also discussed his plans with several European leaders, including German Chancellor Angela Merkel, British Prime Minister David Cameron and Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi.

U.S. military commanders have been arguing for months to keep roughly 10,000 troops in Afghanistan, if only for a limited time, while they bolster the Afghan forces’ ability to do long-term logistical planning and increase their air force capabilities. The military has recently expressed confidence that it has been able to sell its plans to the White House.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on May 28, 2014, on page 11.

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Summary

President Barack Obama will seek to keep 9,800 U.S. troops in Afghanistan after the war formally ends later this year, and will withdraw most of those forces by the end of 2016, senior U.S. administration officials said Tuesday.

The plan calls for the U.S. military to draw down from its current force of 32,000 to 9,800 by the start of next year.

The American forces will probably be bolstered by a few thousand NATO troops.

Obama was to announce the plan at the White House late Tuesday. He is just back from a surprise weekend trip to Afghanistan, where he met with U.S. commanders and American forces serving in the closing months of America's longest war.


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