Mouawad is sworn in as president.
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Ahead of the 2014 presidential election, this is the ninth in a series of articles examining the circumstances and conditions that shaped the elections of Lebanon's 12 presidents since 1943 .BEIRUT: After a yearlong presidential power vacuum Rene Mouawad was elected on Nov. 5, 1989, amid a fleeting flurry of optimism in the wake of the Taif Accord, which ended nearly 15 years of bloody civil war. The conciliatory atmosphere, however, would be shattered just 17 days later when a massive bomb ripped through Mouawad's convoy as it traveled through war-weary West Beirut. When the term of his predecessor, Amine Gemayel, ended on Sept. 22, 1988, Parliament failed to elect a president during the two-month constitutional period. Quoting Albert Mansour, an MP at the time, Zeineddine argued that the agreement to elect Mouawad as president was reached during crisis negotiations between Husseini and Maronite Patriarch Nasrallah Butros Sfeir in the midst of the "War of Liberation".The Taif Agreement was ratified by Parliament on Nov. 5, 1989, officially ending the Civil War that left some 150,000 people dead. After two rounds of voting, Mouawad was elected president the same day. Mouawad got 35 votes, Saade 16 and Hrawi 5 .
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