The Litani river is seen from the Western Bekaa village of Saghbin, Saturday, March 2, 2013. (The Daily Star/Hasan Shaaban)
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The high level of pollution in the Litani River is a well-known environmental issue, but despite evidence to the contrary, the agricultural industry is skeptical of its role in polluting the water source.Around 10 percent of the World Bank loan was also earmarked for education and agriculture programs.However, despite recognition of the role farmers have to play in cleaning up the river, there's significant reluctance on the part of the agricultural industry to change, and many local municipalities are skeptical of how effective education programs can be.While problems with water treatment and sewerage play a major role in the Litani's pollution, the prevailing opinion among farmers contradicts available information.However, the World Bank report in particular emphasized that farmers use high levels of fertilizer in the belief that it maximizes their crop yields – unaware of the dangers of runoff.The report also found more than 88 percent of potato farmers and 28 percent of vegetable farmers overfertilize their lands.
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