Middle East

Egypt timeline

A man searches for his name as policemen put up a voters list outside a polling station in Cairo May 23, 2012. Egyptians vote on Wednesday for the first time to pick their president in a wide open election that pits Islamists against men who served under deposed leader Hosni Mubarak. REUTERS/Suhaib Salem

CAIRO: Key events in Egypt since the start of the Arab Spring reform movement early last year:


- 25: Anti-government protests erupt after a revolt topples the ruler of Tunisia.


- 11: After daily protests, president Hosni Mubarak steps down and leaves the capital. He hands power to the army, led by Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi. Around 850 people were killed in the unrest.

- 12: Promising a peaceful transition to democracy, the army suspends the constitution and dissolves parliament.


- 19: Voters approve a proposed new constitution, with 77.2 percent voting "yes."


- 13: Authorities say Mubarak has been detained and is being held in a hospital in the eastern resort town of Sharm el-Sheikh.

- 16: A court dissolves Mubarak's National Democratic Party.


- 7: Fifteen die and 200 are injured as Muslims and Christians clash in Cairo.


- 6: A political party formed by the Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt's biggest opposition group, is declared legal.

- 29: More than 1,000 hurt in clashes between protesters and riot police in Cairo's Tahrir Square.


- 8: Thousands of people start a sit-in at Tahrir Square to criticise the military rulers over the slow pace of reform.

- 29: Hundreds of thousands of Islamists pack Tahrir Square in the biggest gathering since Mubarak's fall.


- 3: The trial begins of Mubarak, his two sons, his former interior minister and six police commanders.


- 9: 25 people, mainly Coptic Christians, are killed in clashes with security forces in Cairo.


- 19: Start of a week of clashes between police and demonstrators opposed to the military regime that will leave 42 dead.

- 28-29: Egypt holds its first post-revolution parliamentary election. Islamist parties come out ahead.


- 11: The US State Department's number two sits down with Muslim Brotherhood party leaders.


- 1: Riots kill 74 people after a football match in Port Said.

- 22: The verdict in Mubarak's trial is set for June 2. The prosecution has called for the death penalty.

- 29: The presidential vote is set for May 23 and 24, with a run-off planned for June 16-17.


- 10: An Egyptian court suspends the Islamist-dominated commission tasked with drafting a new constitution amid a boycott by liberals, moderate Muslims and the Coptic church.

- 17: The electoral commission confirms 10 candidates have been barred from running for president, ruling out a challenge by two Islamists and Mubarak's ex-spy chief.


- 2: At least 20 are killed when thugs attack an anti-military protest near the defence ministry in Cairo. The dead include supporters of Salafist politician Hazem Abu Ismail.

Several presidential candidates announce they have temporarily suspended their election campaigns over the killings, later resuming political activity.

- 20: Campaigning officially ends at midnight with all hopefuls observing a legally mandated 48-hour period of "electoral silence" before the polls open on May 23.





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