Middle East

Regime hunting rebels in ghost town from above

A rebel inspects damage at the site of bombings by regime forces in Taftanaz, Idlib.

TAFTANAZ, Syria: The noise is unmistakable and strikes fear into those on the ground: Then it appears, the sinister silhouette of an Mi-24 gunship, scanning for targets so it can unleash its terrible firepower.

The helicopters circle out of range of the rebels’ inferior weapons, before swooping to bombard the Syrian town of Taftanaz, whose only inhabitants now are fighters after an army assault in April killed dozens of civilians.

Rebels have attacked several air bases with varying degrees of success in the past week in an effort to curb the regime’s control of the skies – its key advantage in the conflict.

Aerial bombardments kill dozens of people every day across the country.

Taftanaz military airbase, 2 kilometers from the town, is the key to the city of Idlib, which despite large swathes of countryside being in rebel hands, is still controlled by government forces.

The helicopters take off around the clock to pound rebel positions.

Taftanaz, situated among olive groves, is a ghost town in which the threat of helicopter bombardment is ever present. Rebels, mostly from the town, run alone or in twos in the dusty streets, often without guns for fear of being targeted.

Without anti-aircraft guns the insurgents cannot hope to counter the fearsome air power.

“Sometimes we mount heavy machine guns among the olive trees to set up a field of fire,” says a member of the Free Syrian Army.

The gunships mostly fly at medium altitude, out of the range of rebel machine guns.

In addition to rockets, the gunships also drop bombs that are capable of destroying entire buildings, according to FSA fighter Ragheb Ghazal.

Among buildings reduced to rubble, the rebels take cover in the more sheltered basements of deserted family homes, whose other floors are completely wrecked.

Artillery shells explode intermittently around the town, the helicopters above taking their time as they pick their next target.

From a rebel position near the airport 15 helicopters – Mi-17s and Mi-24s – can be seen waiting on the ground at the Taftanaz base that rebels attacked Wednesday but failed to seize.

“The attack on the airport was a failure – it wasn’t well prepared,” admitted Abu Omar, who said one helicopter was destroyed and others damaged.

“The operation was carried out by the Ahrar al-Sham Brigade who arrived here at dawn,” the rebel commander told AFP.

“There was no real preparation. I refused to take part.”

Rebels did manage Saturday to capture the main air defense building in Albu-Kamal on the Iraqi border, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said, adding that reports suggested they had seized ground-to-air missiles.

That assault followed a rebel attack on the Abu Zuhour airbase in Idlib province in the northwest, where the FSA said Thursday it downed a MiG warplane shortly after it took off.

“We have not seen a single weapon arrive” from abroad, Abu Omar said of ground-to-air missiles, unable to hide his disappointment at the international community that he considers “complicit” with President Bashar Assad.

“Regime troops cannot take one step outside their bases,” he said. “We’re on a plain, they would be immediately picked out.”

But the same is also true for the FSA, making any attack on the airport difficult. They can be seen.

“God is with us,” says Abu Omar. “They have weapons, we have faith.”

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on September 03, 2012, on page 8.




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