Middle East

Iran suspects saboteurs infiltrated IAEA to derail atomic program

IAEA chief Yukiya Amano of Japan welcomes Abbasi for talks at the International Center in Vienna, Austria.

VIENNA: Iran’s nuclear chief said Monday that “terrorists and saboteurs” might have infiltrated the International Atomic Energy Agency in an effort to derail his nation’s atomic program.

Fereydoun Abbasi’s remark was an unprecedentedly harsh attack on the integrity of the U.N. organization and its probe of allegations that Tehran is striving to make nuclear arms.

Abbasi also rebuked the United States in comments to the IAEA’s 155-nation general conference, reflecting Iran’s determination to continue defying international pressure aimed at curbing its nuclear program and nudging it toward cooperation with the IAEA inspection.

Revealing what he said were two sabotage attempts on Iran’s nuclear program, he challenged the perpetrators to launch new attacks, saying his country was determined to learn how to protect its interests through such assaults.

The defiant speech was bound to give a greater voice to hard-line Israeli leaders who say that both diplomatic efforts and economic penalties have had no effect on Iran, leaving military strikes as the only alternative to stopping it from developing nuclear weapons.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, a proponent of such an option, made a direct appeal to American voters Sunday to elect a president willing to draw a “red line” with Iran.

In the past week, Netanyahu has urged President Barack Obama and other world leaders to state clearly at what point Iran would face a military attack.

But Obama and his top aides, who repeatedly say all options remain on the table, have pointed to shared U.S.-Israeli intelligence that suggests Iran hasn’t decided yet whether to build a bomb, despite pursuing the technology, and that there would be time for action beyond toughened sanctions already in place.

In Berlin, German Chancellor Angela Merkel described Iran as “a threat, not only for Israel but for the whole world.” But she said she wants to see a “political solution” and that the international community should work together to try and find one, including the possibility of new sanctions. “The room for political maneuver is not yet exhausted,” she said Monday.

Iran has often warned that any Israeli attack would trigger a devastating response, and Monday Abbasi suggested that such strikes would not succeed in slowing down his country’s nuclear program. He said without elaboration that experts have “devised certain ways through which nuclear facilities remain intact under missile attacks and raids.”

Tehran denies seeking nuclear arms, and Abbasi – an Iranian vice president whom the agency suspects may have been involved in nuclear weapons research – insisted Monday that his country’s nuclear program is aimed only at making reactor fuel and doing medical research.

“The Islamic Republic of Iran ... has always opposed and will always denounce the manufacture and use of weapons of mass destruction,” he said.

Tehran has long dismissed suspicions that it may re-engineer its uranium enrichment program from making reactor fuel to produce nuclear warheads and says accusations that it has worked secretly on nuclear arms are based on fabricated U.S. and Israeli intelligence. It also frequently accuses the IAEA of anti-Iran bias in its push to ensure that all of Tehran’s nuclear activities are peaceful.

But Abbasi’s comments Monday were the harshest on the agency itself.

“Terrorists and saboteurs might have intruded the agency and might be making decisions covertly,” he said. Citing what he said was an example of sabotage on Aug. 17 at an underground enrichment plant, he said IAEA inspectors arrived to inspect it shortly after power lines were blown up.

“Does this visit have any connection to that detonation?” he asked.

Asked by reporters to expand on the alleged sabotage attempt, Abbasi said it was foiled “by using backup batteries and diesel generators” that prevented any disruption to centrifuges used to spin uranium to enriched levels.

He also said a separate attack on the country’s centrifuges – through tiny explosions meant to disable key parts of the machines – was discovered before the timed blasts could go off. He did not elaborate further.

Tehran has acknowledged that the Stuxnet computer worm affected a limited number of centrifuges at its main uranium enrichment facility in the central city of Natanz two years ago. In addition well, assassins killed three scientists with links to Iran’s nuclear programs in 2010 and 2011.

But Tehran says it has improved its defenses since the Stuxnet attack –a point made again Monday by Abbasi, who challenged would-be saboteurs.

“We are a powerful country. We can confront any kind of industrial espionage whether it is an explosive or a virus,” he told reporters. “We are eager and interested to ask the other side to have more [attacks] because having more we would be more experienced.”

Beyond suggesting that the IAEA had been infiltrated, Abbasi said that anti-Iran elements are helped by the agency, even when it reports what it sees “truthfully and with absolute honesty,” because “this information is easily accessible to saboteurs and terrorists through IAEA reports.”

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on September 18, 2012, on page 10.




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