Middle East

Iraqi Shiite militants start to acknowledge role in Syria

Syrians leave an area were Syrian rebels are fighting with government forces for control of Al-Kendi hospital in the northern Syrian city of Aleppo on April 10, 2013. (AFP PHOTO / DIMITAR DILKOFF)

BAGHDAD: Iraqi Shiite militias have begun openly acknowledging they are fighting in Syria, in what they see as a worthy battle against rebels seeking to topple President Bashar Assad, especially his hard-line Sunni opponents.

By recognizing their role in Syria’s war, Iraqi Shiite fighters may gain recruitment momentum to help Assad, in a war that is splitting the region along sectarian lines.

The war has already pulled in Sunni Islamists from outside Syria to join rebel ranks. Syria, for its part, has begun sending militias loyal to Assad for training at a base in Shiite Iran, Assad’s key ally, fighters say.

In recent months, Iraqi Shiite militants have said volunteers are crossing into Syria to fight, often alongside Assad’s troops, or to protect the Sayyida Zeinab shrine on the outskirts of Damascus, a particularly holy place for Shiites.

But militia leaders, who have mostly been inactive since American troops left Iraq a year ago, have been reluctant to openly acknowledge fighting in Syria, possibly because influential Shiite clergy opposed Iraqis joining the battle.

Some militants have said they were fighting in Syria in response to their religious leader, Iran’s Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, but without any official sanction from Tehran, Baghdad or from their militia leadership.

Now though, Iraq’s main Shiite militias, Asaib al-Haq and Kataeb Hezbollah, which waged war on U.S. troops, and former fighters from anti-U.S. Iraqi cleric Moqtada al-Sadr’s Mehdi Army, have started to acknowledge their role in Syria and that their fighters have been killed there, militants say.

“Now Shiites have the feeling the battle in Syria is more legitimate and it does not matter if it is to protect Shiite shrines there or fight alongside Assad’s soldiers,” Abu Mujahid, a militant leader, told Reuters.

That shift has been motivated partly by the increasingly sectarian nature of the country’s conflict as Sunni rebels and Islamist fighters targeted holy Shiite sites.

Websites linked to Asaib al-Haq, the Mehdi Army and the Abu al-Fadhil al-Abbas Brigade, a militia unit of Iraqi, Syrian and Lebanese Shiite fighters which operates in Syria, show portraits of slain Iraqi militants wearing military uniform and carrying sniper rifles.

A caption on one says he was killed in Syria while defending the Sayyida Zeinab shrine. Zeinab is the daughter of Imam Ali, the most important and symbolic figure for Shiites after the Prophet Mohammad.

On one website, next to a portrait of a fighter killed in Syria, a condolence note reads: “The Islamic Resistance, Asaib al-Haq, Iraqi affiliate, mourns its martyr ... killed while performing his legitimate duty.”

In Kadhimiya, a Shiite district of Baghdad, two adjacent black banners commemorate the death of two fighters. The banners say one of the men belonged to Asaib al-Haq and the other to Kataeb Hezbollah and they were killed “in the line of the holy legitimate duty” in Syria.

An Asaib spokesman, Adnan Fiyhan, denied the group had any link to the militant mentioned. That position may reflect how sensitive the issue is for Asaib and Baghdad’s Shiite-led government. Asaib has officially disbanded, leaving its leaders free to move into politics.

Syria’s upheaval is a political nightmare for Iraq’s Shiite leaders, who believe a messy fall of Assad would fragment Syria along sectarian lines and bring to power a hostile, hard-line Sunni regime that could stir up Iraq’s own combustible Sunni-Shiite mix.

Iraq says it has a policy of noninterference in Syria and refuses to endorse Western and Arab League demands for the removal of Iran’s ally Assad.

The Syrian conflict is also invigorating Sunni Islamists tied to Al-Qaeda in Iraq, which have stepped up their campaign of attacks on Shiite religious targets in an attempt to trigger a broader sectarian confrontation.

Security forces say Al-Qaeda’s local wing is gaining ground in the vast western desert of Anbar province bordering Syria, where many families share strong tribal ties across the remote frontier.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on April 11, 2013, on page 8.




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