Middle East

Iran ups aid effort after deadly quake

Survivors mourn their loved ones who were killed in the earthquake in front of the ruins of their houses in Shonbeh, southern Iran.

TEHRAN/DUBAI: Iran stepped up relief efforts Wednesday for survivors of a powerful earthquake that killed 37 people and damaged dozens of villages but left its sole nuclear power station unscathed.

More than 90 villages in the southern province of Bushehr were hit hard by Tuesday’s quake, with two completely destroyed, the head of Iran’s Red Crescent rescue corps, Mahmoud Mozafar, told state television.

Over 850 people were injured and some 800 houses razed to the ground.

Mozafar said the priority was to get aid to stricken villages after the search for survivors was wrapped up Wednesday morning.

Ali Alipour, who owns a cultural center in the village of Khormoj, some 35 kilometers from the quake’s epicenter, said he had run for cover when it hit and “the sound of death filled the fields.”

“Water and food are being distributed among survivors. Portable toilets are also being set up,” Alipour told AFP by telephone.

Authorities said the relief operation got underway a few hours after the 6.1-magnitude quake struck at 4:22 p.m. (1152 GMT) Tuesday.

Some 2,100 tents have been set up in the quake zone, according to emergency officials.

The epicenter was barely 90 kilometers southeast of the port city of Bushehr, home to Iran’s only nuclear power plant.

Iran said it had informed the International Atomic Energy Agency that there had been no damage to the plant.

The U.N. watchdog said its incident and emergency center was “not currently seeking additional information from Iran” following analysis of the “earthquake’s magnitude and other seismic parameters, as well as its location.”

Iran’s atomic energy chief Fereydoon Abbasi Davani said the plant was not operational when the quake struck as it had been “under maintenance,” Iranian media reported.

The Russian-built plant was designed to withstand an earthquake of a magnitude greater than 8, Abbasi Davani added.

The plant’s chief engineer, Mahmoud Jafari, said, “No operational or security protocols were breached.”

First Vice President Mohammad Reza Rahimi and Interior Minister Mostafa Mohammad Najar traveled to the quake zone to check on relief operations, state television reported.

A report published last week by U.S. think tanks the Carnegie Endowment and the Federation of American Scientists said that, “ominously,” the Bushehr reactor sits at the intersection of three tectonic plates, and that warnings about the threat of earthquakes had “fallen on deaf ears.”

It estimated Bushehr’s price tag over four decades at $11 billion, making it one of the world’s most expensive plants.

A resident, who asked not to be identified, said power and water supplies were “gradually being restored.”

In Dubai, hundreds of kilometers down the Gulf from Bushehr and home to the world’s tallest building, Burj Khalifa, local media reported that several high-rise buildings had been briefly evacuated.

The U.S. Geological Survey, which monitors seismic activity worldwide, ranked the quake at a more powerful 6.3 magnitude.

Tuesday’s quake coincided with Iran’s unveiling of two uranium mines and an ore-processing facility in the center of the country.

Iran is at loggerheads with world powers over its controversial nuclear program, which Israel and many Western governments suspect is cover for a weapons drive despite repeated denials by Tehran.

Iran sits astride several major fault lines and is prone to frequent earthquakes, some of which have been devastating. Twin quakes, measuring 6.2 and 6, struck northwestern Iran in August last year, killing more than 300 people and injuring 3,000.

In December 2010, a large quake struck the southern city of Bam. It killed 31,000 people.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on April 11, 2013, on page 9.




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