BAGHDAD: The United Nations sent its first delivery of humanitarian aid by air to Syria from Iraq Sunday and said it planned to deliver more food and winter supplies to the mainly Kurdish northeast in the next 12 days. The first cargo plane carrying food took off from Irbil in Iraq’s northern Kurdistan region and made a one-hour flight to Hassakeh governorate in Syria, which has had no significant aid deliveries since May.
The U.N. said two planes were contracted to do 23 rotations over the next 10 days. The aid includes 10 planeloads of food, enough to feed more than 6,000 Syrian families for the rest of December, as they endure the third winter of the conflict, which began in March 2011.
Using a charted Iluyshin IL-76, the UNHCR also plans to send 300 tons of relief items such as blankets, sleeping mats and kitchen sets to support 60,000 displaced people. A planeload from UNICEF contains health kits, water and sanitation supplies.
“We have been particularly worried about the situation of children and families in the northern parts of Syria because of the insecurity and limited access,” said Maria Calivis, UNICEF regional director for the Middle East and North Africa. “These airlifts will help ensure they have access to safe water and health care through the tough winter months ahead.”
The airlifts were delayed from last week because of a storm which swept across Syria and Lebanon, bringing with it high winds and freezing temperatures. Cold, dry winds whipped the Tarmac at Irbil airport before takeoff.
“This wave of extreme cold led to deteriorating conditions for people in the city of Qamishli and other places in Syria,” Iyad Nuaman, World Food Program regional coordinator, told Reuters by telephone from Irbil.
The Syrian and Iraqi governments both authorized the airlift, the U.N. statement said.
U.N. agencies have ferried limited aid supplies into Syria from Iraq and Lebanon, but not via Turkey because of objections from President Bashar Assad’s government.
Syria gave permission several weeks ago for the cross-border U.N. operation, which had initially envisaged truck convoys, which would have been cheaper.
However, the U.N. found negotiating with different factions on the ground in Syria had become increasingly complicated and resorted to the direct airlift instead.
The bad weather has increased the needs of internally displaced Syrians and supplies in warehouses are running low, said Eliana Naba’a, spokeswoman for the U.N’s Iraq mission.
“We are launching this airlift from Iraq because it’s much easier compared to other countries in the region,” she said, noting the short flight time.
The U.N. said last week that the number of vulnerable people in the Hassakeh province is estimated at 50,000-60,000 and that the population has been out of reach for a long time.
The cold was blamed for at least three deaths over the weekend, according to the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. The Observatory said a rebel commander was found frozen to death Saturday while traveling from the province of Idlib to Homs, while two other men were found frozen to death in Homs, although it was unclear whether they were rebels or civilians.