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MONDAY, 21 APR 2014
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Envoys head to South Sudan as fighting compounds situation
People gather at a makeshift IDP camp at the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) compound in Juba on December 22, 2013 where South Sudanese continue to flock as fears of a resumption of fighting in the capital fester. (AFP PHOTO/Tony KARUMBA)
People gather at a makeshift IDP camp at the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) compound in Juba on December 22, 2013 where South Sudanese continue to flock as fears of a resumption of fighting in the capital fester. (AFP PHOTO/Tony KARUMBA)
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JUBA: South Sudan’s central government lost control of the capital of a key oil-producing state Sunday, the military said, as world leaders stepped up efforts to pull South Sudan back from the brink of all-out civil war.

Special envoys from the United States and Nigeria were flying into the capital Juba, following on from a mission by foreign ministers from East Africa and the Horn and after an appeal for an end to the violence from United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon.

Fighting has gripped South Sudan for a week, after President Salva Kiir accused his former deputy Riek Machar of attempting a coup. Machar has denied this and has accused Kiir of carrying out a vicious purge of his rivals.

The clashes have left hundreds dead and sent tens of thousands of people fleeing for protection in U.N. bases or to safer areas of the country, which only won independence from Sudan in 2011 but has been blighted by ethnic divisions, corruption and poverty. The International Committee of the Red Cross has said it is “alarmed” by reports of violence against civilians.

The fighting has ethnic as well as political dimensions, with troops loyal to Kiir, an ethnic Dinka, battling forces backing Machar, a Nuer.

Foreign governments, including those of the U.S., Britain, Uganda, Kenya and Lebanon, have been organizing evacuation flights to pull out their nationals.

Four U.S. servicemen were wounded Saturday when their aircraft came under fire in a rebel-held area.

The attack underlined the increasingly dangerous situation in South Sudan, where at least one U.N. base has also come under attack in recent days – leading to the deaths of two Indian peacekeepers and possibly dozens of civilians in the powder keg state of Jonglei.

U.S. President Barack Obama warned against continued fighting, and has sent special envoy Donald Booth to Juba.

“Any effort to seize power through the use of military force will result in the end of longstanding support from the United States and the international community,” the White House said.

South Sudan’s government has acknowledged that much of Unity State, the country’s main oil-producing area, was in the hands of the rebels.

Forces loyal to Machar were still in control of Bor, the capital of Jonglei state about 200 kilometers north of Juba, although South Sudan’s army spokesman said government troops were advancing to retake the town.

“The SPLA is still moving toward Bor but have not yet captured Bor,” Sudan People’s Liberation Army spokesman Philip Aguer told AFP. “Unity State is currently divided, with the SPLA and the loyalists to the government on one side and those who are supporting Riek Machar on the other.”

“We are not in control of Bentiu, and we don’t know how many people are wounded and how many people are killed,” Aguer added.

A local official in Bentiu – the rebel-held capital of Unity State – said the area was littered with bodies following the fall of the town, which was prompted by the defection of a top government commander.

“There are so many bodies, over a hundred not yet buried,” said the local official, who asked not to be named.

A witness from the area also said unidentified militiamen have been roaming the area for days, setting up roadblocks and robbing passers-by.

The witness, who asked not to be identified, suggested fighters from nearby Darfur in Sudan may also have moved to the area to profit from the instability, adding there were unconfirmed reports of rapes.

“I am afraid. I just can’t imagine being forced to become refugees again,” said Susan Nakiden, a South Sudanese woman among the thousands sheltering at a U.N. base in Juba.The mother of three said she had already been forced to flee during the Sudanese civil war.

South Sudan’s oil sector has also been hit, with companies flying out their employees after the death of at least five South Sudanese oil workers Wednesday.

Juba’s ambassador to Khartoum, however, insisted Sunday that oil facilities had not been damaged and oil was still flowing.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on December 23, 2013, on page 1.
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