BEIRUT

Middle East

Iraq raises Sahwa militia pay to appease protesters

Protesters chant slogans against Iraq's Shiite-led government during a demonstration in Ramadi, 115 kilometers west of Baghdad, Iraq, Thursday, Jan. 24, 2013. (AP Photo/ Khalid Mohammed)

BAGHDAD: Iraqi officials said Tuesday they would raise the salaries of Sunni militiamen who fought Al-Qaeda during the country’s brutal sectarian war, the latest bid to appease mostly Sunni anti-government rallies.

The immediate two-thirds increase in wages for the Sahwa, otherwise known as the Sons of Iraq or the Awakening, comes as officials have trumpeted a substantial prisoner release in the face of more than a month of demonstrations in the country’s north and west.

Some 41,000 Sahwa fighters are to receive 500,000 Iraqi dinars ($415) a month, up from 300,000 dinars ($250), Deputy Prime Minister Hussein al-Shahristani told a news conference Tuesday.

The Sahwa are bands of Sunni tribesmen who sided with the U.S. military from late 2006 onward against Al-Qaeda, playing a key role in efforts to turn the tide of Iraq’s bloody insurgency.

Sunni militants still linked to Al-Qaeda regularly target Sahwa fighters in violent attacks because they regard them as traitors.

An increase in wages for the Sahwa, as well as their incorporation into the security forces and civil service, has long been a demand of Iraq’s Sunni community, calls that have been amplified by the recent protests.

In addition to the salary increase, officials in Baghdad recently claimed to have released nearly 900 inmates from Iraqi prisons, but have not provided a breakdown on how many were being held without charge and how many were simply being released as their jail terms had ended.

Shahristani also publicly apologized in a news conference this month for holding detainees without charge.

The demonstrations come amid a political crisis in Iraq that has pitted Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki against many of his erstwhile government partners less than three months ahead of provincial elections.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on January 30, 2013, on page 9.

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