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Middle East

Iran pitches ideas to end rift with IAEA

Iran's deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi, right, and Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA, Yukiya Amano shake hands next to IAEA deputy director general Tero Tapio Varjoranta, left, and Iran's Ambassador to the International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA, Reza Najafi, right, prior a meeting at the International Center in Vienna, Austria on Monday, Oct. 28, 2013. (AP Photo/Hans Punz)

VIENNA: Iran’s deputy foreign minister said he had made proposals to the U.N. nuclear watchdog chief Monday after pledging “a new approach” to easing international concerns about indications of illicit atomic bomb research by Tehran.

The U.N. agency wants to resume an investigation, long stymied by Iranian non-cooperation, into what it calls the “possible military dimensions” of the Islamic Republic’s atomic activities. Tehran says it is enriching uranium solely for electricity generation and medical treatments.

Hopes of overcoming the stalemate between Iran and the U.N. International Atomic Energy Agency over the nature of the nuclear program have risen since the election of a moderate president committed to easing Tehran’s isolation.

Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araqchi said he had had “very useful and constructive” discussions with IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano and had made proposals to him to be addressed in detail by senior IAEA and Iranian experts later in the day.

The technical-level talks – the 12th such meeting since January 2012 and paralleling a revival of political negotiations between Iran and six world powers – ensued and were due to last about three hours.

Even before these talks had finished, an IAEA official announced that they would resume Tuesday morning – in what could be a sign of new potential for progress. 

“I am very hopeful that we can come out with a good result,” Araqchi, a top Iranian nuclear negotiator, told reporters after his meeting with Amano in Vienna.

It was the first high-level IAEA-Iranian meeting since President Hassan Rouhani took office in early August promising to drop confrontation in favor of conciliation in the diplomacy of the Islamic state, seeking relief from harsh Western sanctions now hobbling its oil-based economy.

“It is very important for all of us that we can show concrete progress,” said Amano, seated across a table from Araqchi at IAEA headquarters as the meeting got underway.

The two sides would discuss “ways forward to address all the outstanding issues regarding Iran’s nuclear program. These are long-standing and complicated issues,” Amano added.

Araqchi said: “We think this is the time to take a new approach to resolving [questions] between Iran and the IAEA and look to the future for further cooperation” between them.

Iran’s nuclear activity “is peaceful and it will remain peaceful forever,” Araqchi added.

Expectations for Monday’s Vienna talks were relatively high after a series of failed meetings, and diplomats believed Iran might soon offer some concessions, perhaps by permitting U.N. inspectors to visit its Parchin military base southeast of Tehran – long an IAEA priority. 

“Everybody now expects something,” a Western diplomat said.

The IAEA suspects that nuclear-related explosives tests were conducted in a steel chamber at the sprawling military complex, possibly a decade ago, and wants inspectors to interview officials to shed light on what happened there.

It has acknowledged, however, that it may no longer unearth any useful evidence at Parchin due to suspected Iranian efforts to remove any incriminating nuclear-linked traces there. Iran says Parchin is a conventional army base.

Taking advantage of the diplomatic opening enabled by Rouhani, Iran and six world powers are pursuing separate negotiations towards a broader political settlement of the dispute to head off any risk of a new Middle East war.

Their last meeting was held on Oct. 15-16 in Geneva, and another one is scheduled for Nov. 7-8. 

Experts from the two sides will meet in Vienna later this week. 

An end to Iran’s higher-grade enrichment of uranium is a central demand of the powers. Refining uranium to 20 percent is sensitive as it is a relatively short technical step to raise that to the 90 percent needed for a nuclear bomb.

Rouhani’s pursuit of substantive negotiations and detente with the West marks a dramatic departure from eight years of ideological belligerence under hard-line conservative predecessor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. 

Rouhani spoke by telephone with U.S. President Barack Obama in September, the loftiest such contact between the long estranged countries since Iran’s 1979 revolution.

 

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