DAMASCUS: More than 110,000 people have been killed, more than 6 million uprooted and Syria’s economy has been devastated in the two-and-a-half years since its bloody conflict began.
Key figures follow on the casualties and damage in the conflict, which started in March 2011 with peaceful protests for reform as Arab Spring revolts rocked Tunisia and Egypt, but soon escalated into civil war.
CASUALTIESAccording to a Syrian Observatory for Human Rights toll published Sunday, at least 110,371 people have been killed. In late July, the United Nations put the toll at more than 100,000.
The toll from the Observatory, which relies on activists, doctors and lawyers on the ground for its information, includes 40,146 civilians, 21,850 rebel fighters and 45,478 regime forces, including pro-regime militias.
Among the civilians are 3,905 women and 5,833 children aged less than 16.
The group says that the fate of 9,000 prisoners and 3,500 soldiers captured by rebels remains unknown.
REFUGEES AND DISPLACED
The U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees said Tuesday that more than 2 million Syrians had fled and some 4.2 million had been displaced internally.
More than 720,000 Syrian refugees were registered or being registered in Lebanon, a country of some 4.5 million people, U.N. refugee chief Antonio Guterres said.
An additional 515,000 refugees are in Jordan, 460,000 in Turkey, 168,000 in Iraq and 110,000 in Egypt, according to the UN figures.
Around 52 percent of the refugee population is under 17 years old.
MATERIAL DAMAGE AND ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCESThe conflict has devastated the country, impoverished most Syrians and led to a major drop in purchasing power.
Experts say the war has plunged Syria into a severe economic crisis, fueling record inflation which hovers around 200 percent.
Investment, tourism and external trade are close to zero. Oil production, previously a big foreign currency earner, has fallen by 95 percent.
The economy has increasingly become based on the dollar because of the fall of the Syrian pound, which has lost three-quarters of its value against the greenback.
According to a study by Syrian real estate expert Ammar Yussef in Al-Watan newspaper Tuesday, if the war suddenly stopped and reconstruction began, around $73 billion would be needed to put the country back on track.
The report said fighting had partly or completely destroyed 1.5 million homes.