BRUSSELS: A majority of Europeans and Americans strongly oppose their countries intervening militarily in Syria’s 30-month-old civil war, according to a poll published Wednesday.
“Transatlantic Trends,” an annual survey of public opinion in the United States and Europe, also found that China’s image in both continents was deteriorating and most Europeans did not want to see Beijing take strong leadership in world affairs.
The survey, by the German Marshall Fund of the United States, a U.S. think tank that promotes cooperation between North America and Europe, and the Compagnia di San Paolo, an Italy-based private foundation, measured public opinion in 11 European Union countries, Turkey and the U.S.
The poll found 62 percent of Americans and 72 percent of Europeans felt their countries should avoid military intervention in Syria, where more than 100,000 people have been killed.
Only 30 percent of Americans and 22 percent of Europeans felt their countries should intervene in Syria.
In Turkey, 72 percent said their country should stay out, while 21 percent favored intervention.
In all regions, the survey found a hardening of attitudes against outside intervention, compared with last year.
Opposition to Western intervention in Syria was reflected in the parliamentary defeat of British Prime Minister David Cameron last month, when he sought approval for military action in principle.
The United States and Russia agreed last Saturday on a proposal to eliminate Syria’s chemical weapons arsenal, averting the possibility of any immediate U.S. military action.
On Iran, Europeans and Americans said economic sanctions were best to prevent nuclear weapons acquisition.
Very few Europeans but 18 percent of Americans backed military action against Iran when presented with a range of options ranging from offering economic incentives to accepting that Iran could acquire nuclear arms.
Respondents who chose a non-military option for dealing with Iran were asked if they would favor military action if peaceful options failed. In that scenario, 48 percent of the Europeans and 64 percent of the Americans favored the use of force.
The survey found China had a poor image in the West. Sixty percent of Europeans and 58 percent of Americans had an unfavorable view of China, both higher than last year.
Russia also had an image problem. Forty-six percent of Americans viewed Russian global leadership as undesirable, as did 65 percent of Europeans and 67 percent of Turks. Fifty-nine percent of Americans, 62 percent of Europeans and 68 percent of Turks had a negative view of Russia.
Countries surveyed were France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Britain, the United States and Turkey. About 1,000 people were polled in each country between June 3 and July 2.