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Middle East

Egypt’s army claims complete control over Sinai Peninsula

Members of the April 6 movement and liberal activists form a human chain against a law restricting demonstrations as well as the crackdown on activists and calling for the release of activists in detention in front of El-Thadiya Egyptian Presidential in Cairo, April 23, 2014. (REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh)

CAIRO: The Egyptian military Thursday said it had gained “complete control over the situation” in the Sinai Peninsula, where Islamist insurgents have been carrying out attacks against security forces for several months.

Violence has spiraled in the Sinai since last July when the army toppled President Mohammad Morsi, prompting militants who had previously focused on attacks against neighboring Israel to turn their attention to Egyptian police and military targets.

“There is obvious stability in Sinai despite rumors that there are still terrorist elements and tunnels in north Sinai,” said Maj. Gen. Mohammad al-Shahat, who heads Egyptian forces in the peninsula, in comments carried by state news agency MENA.

A recent Reuters investigation found that a few hundred militants – a mix of Egyptian Islamists, foreign fighters and disgruntled youth – were successfully playing a cat-and-mouse game with Egypt’s army and were nowhere near defeat.

Days after the report was published, Field Marshal Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi, who has since resigned his post to run for president, removed the top military official in the Sinai and appointed Shahat to replace him.

Sisi, who ousted Morsi in July following protests against his rule, is widely expected to win presidential elections scheduled for May 26-27.

“One or two incidents will not rattle us ... but I can say that we are tackling the issue with an iron fist,” Shahat told reporters on the 32nd anniversary of the final Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai, which its forces invaded in 1956 after Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal.

Israel withdrew a few months later but invaded again in 1967 and occupied parts of Sinai until 1982.

Shahat said the army had destroyed more than 1,500 tunnels that ran under the frontier between Egypt and the Gaza Strip, which borders North Sinai, in an attempt to stop the illegal flow of arms.

He said the military had also undertaken 1,380 raids against suspected militant strongholds since September, resulting in the seizure of weapons and explosive materials and the arrests of “a large number of takfiri elements.”

The Sinai is a largely lawless 61,000 sq km area wedged between the Suez Canal to the west and Israel and Gaza to the east.

Militant attacks in Sinai, Cairo and other cities since July have killed around 500 people, mostly policemen and soldiers, according to the government.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on April 25, 2014, on page 10.

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Summary

The Egyptian military Thursday said it had gained "complete control over the situation" in the Sinai Peninsula, where Islamist insurgents have been carrying out attacks against security forces for several months.

Violence has spiraled in the Sinai since last July when the army toppled President Mohammad Morsi, prompting militants who had previously focused on attacks against neighboring Israel to turn their attention to Egyptian police and military targets.

Israel withdrew a few months later but invaded again in 1967 and occupied parts of Sinai until 1982 .


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