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Foreigners line up to escape Libya violence

Foreigners fleeing the violence in Libya enter Tunisia through the southern border crossing at Ras Jedir. AFP PHOTO/ F NASRI

TRIPOLI: The exodus of foreigners from Libya gathered pace Sunday as the government said at least 22 people were killed in clashes in Tripoli and warned of a “worsening humanitarian situation.” Thousands of Egyptians seeking to flee the strife-torn North African country were being airlifted home after being allowed into neighboring Tunisia, many after a wait of several days at a border crossing.

And a British navy ship was evacuating Britons from Tripoli, the defense ministry in London said.

The latest flare-up, which broke out Saturday, takes the death toll in Tripoli to 124 since July 13, with more than 500 wounded.

A medical source said the weekend casualty figures of 22 dead and 72 wounded did not cover hospitals outside Tripoli, in particular in the town of Misrata, which has sent fighters to the capital.

The transitional government said “several hundred” families had been displaced and there was a “worsening humanitarian situation” in Tripoli, where petrol, bottled gas and food supplies are scarce.

On Sunday, the city center was livelier than in past days despite the renewed fighting around the airport to the south.

However, most shops and banks were shut and the sky was filled with black smoke from a fuel depot ravaged by a fire resulting from the clashes of the past two weeks.

Tripoli airport has been closed and several aircraft destroyed or damaged in the clashes between rival militias that fought together in 2011 to help overthrow dictator Moammar Gadhafi.

The unrest is seen as a struggle for influence, both between regions and political factions, as Libya plunges into chaos. In the absence of a structured regular army and police force, authorities are failing to control the dozens of militias.

In Tunisia, buses started to pick up Egyptian evacuees Saturday at the Ras Jedir border crossing to take them to Jerba airport, 100 kilometers north.

Egypt’s civil aviation minister, Hossam Kamal, said 1,796 people had been taken to Jerba and 1,355 more would be transferred Sunday, as five flights home were planned.

As of Saturday evening, about 6,000 people were awaiting evacuation and neither Libya, Egypt nor Tunisia could say on Sunday how many were still awaiting transport.

“The situation is critical, as some people haven’t eaten for five or six days,” Red Cross official Mongi Slim told AFP on the phone. “The authorities have allowed us to provide them with food.”

Tunisia had refused to admit people who were neither Libyan nor Tunisian unless they could prove they would be immediately repatriated and were only passing through the country.

The government said it could not cope with a large number of Arab or Asian workers fleeing Libya as it did during the anti-Gadhafi armed revolt of 2011.

The Ras Jedir crossing was shut Friday and part of Saturday after violent clashes between Libyan border guards and hundreds of Egyptians who tried to storm the border post.

By Sunday, the crossing was operating normally.

Since mid-July, Libya has seen deadly clashes between rival militias in both Tripoli and the eastern city of Benghazi.

Tripoli airport has been closed since gunmen, mostly Islamists, attacked it in a bid to wrest control from the Zintan brigade of former rebels who have held it since the 2011 revolt.

Britain’s defense ministry, meanwhile, said HMS Enterprise, which had been on a Mediterranean deployment, had arrived off Tripoli Sunday.

“A number of passengers were transferred to Enterprise by boat and given supplies for the journey,” it added.

A Foreign Ministry spokesman said that most of those being evacuated from Tripoli, believed to number around 100, were British.

Britain is also planning to temporarily suspend its embassy operations in the North African country.

Michael Aron, Britain’s ambassador in Tripoli, said Friday he had “reluctantly” decided to leave because of the worsening security situation.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on August 04, 2014, on page 9.

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Summary

The exodus of foreigners from Libya gathered pace Sunday as the government said at least 22 people were killed in clashes in Tripoli and warned of a "worsening humanitarian situation".

And a British navy ship was evacuating Britons from Tripoli, the defense ministry in London said.

As of Saturday evening, about 6,000 people were awaiting evacuation and neither Libya, Egypt nor Tunisia could say on Sunday how many were still awaiting transport.

Since mid-July, Libya has seen deadly clashes between rival militias in both Tripoli and the eastern city of Benghazi.

Britain's defense ministry, meanwhile, said HMS Enterprise, which had been on a Mediterranean deployment, had arrived off Tripoli Sunday.

A Foreign Ministry spokesman said that most of those being evacuated from Tripoli, believed to number around 100, were British.


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