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Middle East

Iran MPs vote out moderate minister

An unidentified Iranian lawmaker, standing next to Parliament Speaker Ali Larijani, center, flashes thumbs down sign, as he and other lawmakers wait for the voting result whether to dismiss Science, Research and Technology Minister Reza Faraji Dana in an open session of the parliament in Tehran, Iran, Wednesday, Aug. 20, 2014. (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi)

TEHRAN: In a move led by hard-line lawmakers, Iran’s parliament dismissed the country’s science minister Wednesday over his alleged support for pro-Western voices at universities, dealing a blow to moderate President Hassan Rouhani.

The no-confidence vote against Science, Research and Technology Minister Reza Faraji Dana was a sharp rebuke of Rouhani, who was elected last year on promises of greater openness and diplomatic engagement with the West.

The vote was also the first time a minister in Rouhani’s Cabinet was impeached. Out of 270 lawmakers who were present at the session, 145 voted to oust Dana, 110 voted to keep him on and 15 abstained. The chamber has 290 seats.

Ahead of the vote, Rouhani – who was on a provincial tour in northwestern Iran – called on lawmakers to reaffirm their confidence in the science minister.

“I really wish I could be there in parliament, next to the polite and knowledgeable minister ... and support this serving scientist,” Rouhani said in a speech broadcast live on state TV Wednesday.

The conservative lawmakers were apparently irked by Dana’s support for teachers seen as pro-Western or those who were involved in opposition rallies following the disputed 2009 presidential election that gave Rouhani’s predecessor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad a second term in office. They also accused Dana of tolerating student publications that question Islamic teachings.

Dana’s ouster underscored the growing political rift between Rouhani and his hard-line opponents in parliament who accuse him of giving ground to pro-Western voices in the name of moderation.

Wednesday’s dramatic impeachment was the most direct attack by the conservative-dominated parliament against Rouhani’s government.

Dana’s critics accuse him of mismanagement, rehiring professors kicked out of universities for “moral or security reasons” and allegedly inciting students to riot.

Conservative MP Ali Reza Zakani told the house that Dana brought back “incompetent elements to universities and gave permission to student publications that promote separatism, sedition and riots.”

Lawmaker Hossein Naqavi Hosseini said universities were “pregnant with sedition” and on the verge of new riots because Dana allowed in pro-Western and extremist reformists.

Dana failed to cool his critics, even after promising he would “correct” some of his “mistakes.”

Analyst Davoud Hermidas Bavand said Dana’s impeachment was a warning to Rouhani from the hard-liners.

“If Rouhani doesn’t react strongly, he will have to surrender to the hard-liners,” Bavand said.

After the vote, Rouhani immediately appointed Dana as adviser on science and education and named a close associate, Mohammad Ali Najafi, as caretaker science minister.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on August 21, 2014, on page 10.

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Summary

In a move led by hard-line lawmakers, Iran's parliament dismissed the country's science minister Wednesday over his alleged support for pro-Western voices at universities, dealing a blow to moderate President Hassan Rouhani.

Out of 270 lawmakers who were present at the session, 145 voted to oust Dana, 110 voted to keep him on and 15 abstained.

Ahead of the vote, Rouhani – who was on a provincial tour in northwestern Iran – called on lawmakers to reaffirm their confidence in the science minister.

Analyst Davoud Hermidas Bavand said Dana's impeachment was a warning to Rouhani from the hard-liners.

After the vote, Rouhani immediately appointed Dana as adviser on science and education and named a close associate, Mohammad Ali Najafi, as caretaker science minister.


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