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Iraq militia wants help from U.S. foe

Shiite Muslim fighters from the Saraya al-Salam (Peace Brigades), a group formed by Iraqi Shiite Muslim cleric Moqtada al-Sadr and tasked with defending the holy sites of Shiite Islam, hold a position on the Jurf al-Sakhr front line, the scene of heavy fighting against advancing Jihadist militants and fighters of the Islamic State (IS), south of the capital Baghdad, on August 18, 2014. AFP PHOTO / ALI AL-SAADI

JURF AL-SAKHR, Iraq: The Mahdi Army fought U.S. troops in Iraq to the death in past years, but now some members of the rebranded Shiite militia say they could do with a little help from their old foe.

Jurf al-Sakhr is a sprawling patchwork of orchards and palm groves south of Baghdad irrigated by the Euphrates River, but the beauty of the scenery belies the deadliness of one of Iraq’s most relentless battlefields.

Positions are hard to hold and weeks of military yo-yoing between ISIS jihadists and pro-government forces, including the Saraya al-Salam (Peace Brigades), which counts many Mahdi Army members among its fighters, have killed hundreds and produced no victor.

A campaign of U.S. airstrikes in the north, however, has helped flagging Kurdish troops regroup and allowed them to go on the offensive, whetting the appetite of other anti- ISIS forces for similar assistance.

“I fought the American occupation in 2004 and up to 2006,” Saad Thijil, 30, said near a bombed-out building in Jurf al-Sakhr, his rifle strapped behind his back. “Now of course, we need U.S. support, especially their military advisers.”

“But we don’t want any troop presence in Iraq,” he added.

In 2004, fiery young preacher Moqtada al-Sadr unleashed the Mahdi Army militia against U.S. troops, mainly in the poor Baghdad district of Sadr City and in the holy city of Najaf, farther south.

Sadr and his militia played central roles in the wave of sectarian bloodshed that peaked in 2006-2007, but he eventually froze the militia’s activities in a move the U.S. credited with sharply reducing violence.

When ISIS swept across swaths of Iraq in June, Sadr announced the formation of Saraya al-Salam, a group he said would be tasked with defending the holy sites of Shiite Islam.

Jurf al-Sakhr is strategically vital as it buffers the cities of Najaf and Karbala south of Baghdad from militant-held areas west of the capital.

Hassan is a 27-year-old from Baghdad and works as an air marshal on a commercial airline. When he is not flying, he spends a few days as a volunteer with Saraya al-Salam.

“Just a few airstrikes, you know,” he said, puffing on a cigarette. “Not too many, we must win this battle by ourselves, but some support would be welcome, especially in this place.”

Bullets at least did not look to be in short supply as Saraya al-Salam leader Hakim al-Zamili visited the Jurf al-Sakhr front line this week, with some fighters burning off entire ammo belts to greet his convoy.

Discipline and determination are some of the factors that have made ISIS look like the best fighting force in Iraq since June.

ISIS “is strong because they are tough and they believe in a cause,” Zamili told some of his field commanders gathered in a local command center.

“The fighters they run up against should also believe in something and be even tougher,” said Zamili, who was accused of running a death squad that abducted and executed hundreds of Sunnis between 2005 and 2007.

Zamili, now a lawmaker, was cleared in court but as pressure mounts on the U.S. to expand its strikes beyond north Iraq, helping the ex- Mahdi Army does not appear to be high on the list.

“We don’t want the Americans to come back to Iraq, we don’t want a new occupation, we just want their support in the form of airstrikes,” Zamili told AFP as he toured the Jurf al-Sakhr front line.

But some of the militia’s most battle-hardened fighters were adamant, however, that any battle won with U.S. support would be half lost.

“We don’t need America. We are brave people, we have enough weapons and experience,” said Ali Abu Hassan, who heads an elite unit in the militia.

“I consider anyone asking for U.S. airstrikes a traitor to Iraq.”

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on August 23, 2014, on page 11.

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Summary

A campaign of U.S. airstrikes in the north, however, has helped flagging Kurdish troops regroup and allowed them to go on the offensive, whetting the appetite of other anti-ISIS forces for similar assistance.

In 2004, fiery young preacher Moqtada al-Sadr unleashed the Mahdi Army militia against U.S. troops, mainly in the poor Baghdad district of Sadr City and in the holy city of Najaf, farther south.

Sadr and his militia played central roles in the wave of sectarian bloodshed that peaked in 2006-2007, but he eventually froze the militia's activities in a move the U.S. credited with sharply reducing violence.

Zamili, now a lawmaker, was cleared in court but as pressure mounts on the U.S. to expand its strikes beyond north Iraq, helping the ex-Mahdi Army does not appear to be high on the list.

Some of the militia's most battle-hardened fighters were adamant, however, that any battle won with U.S. support would be half lost.


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