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U.S. says UAE bombed Libya Islamists as turmoil deepens

File - A file picture taken on March 27, 2011 shows one of six UAE F16 fighter jets landing at Decimomannu airport near Cagliari on the Italian island of Sardinia. AFP/PHOTO ANGELO CUCCA

TRIPOLI: UAE warplanes secretly bombed Islamist militia targets in Libya, the U.S. government confirmed Tuesday, as turmoil in the country deepened with the Islamists naming a rival premier.

U.S. officials said Monday that the UAE jets launched two attacks in seven days on the Islamists in Tripoli using bases in Egypt.

Speaking Tuesday, Pentagon spokesman Rear Admiral John Kirby said: “We do believe there were airstrikes undertaken in recent days by the UAE and Egypt inside Libya.” The State Department also confirmed the air attacks but officials would not say whether Washington was notified in advance.

An Emirati official said that his country had “no reaction” to the report, while Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukri Tuesday denied any “direct” role by his country.

The airstrikes signaled a step toward direct action by regional Arab states that previously have fought proxy wars in Libya, Syria and Iraq in a struggle for power and influence.

The bombing raids were first reported by the New York Times, and Islamist forces in Libya had also charged that Egypt and the UAE – two of the region’s main anti-Islamist powers – were behind them.

The United States did not take part or provide any assistance in the bombing raids, two U.S. officials told AFP, who could not confirm that Egypt and the UAE had left Washington totally in the dark about the attacks.

The first strikes, Monday last week, focused on militia targets in Tripoli, including a small weapons depot, according to the Times.

A second round south of the city early Saturday targeted rocket launchers, military vehicles and a warehouse, it said.

Those strikes may have been a bid to prevent the capture of the airport, but the Islamist militia forces eventually prevailed anyway.

The UAE provided the military aircraft, aerial refueling planes and crews to bomb Libya, while Cairo offered access to its air bases, the Times said.

Egypt’s Shoukri said: “We have no direct tie to any military operation in Libya.” However, he said in Cairo: “We help the Libyan armed forces by supplying their requirements for training.”

Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the UAE view Islamist militants in the region as a serious threat and have cooperated against what they see as a shared danger.

“I think this strike is the unsurprising result of a momentum we’ve seen building in Libya ... and within the region among Egypt and these Gulf states,” said Frederic Wehrey of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

“I believe there was no consultation with the West,” said Wehrey, a specialist on the Gulf, Libya and U.S. policy in the Middle East.

Abdul-Khaleq Abdulla, political science professor at Emirates University, said: “The lesson of Syria still resonates ... that you cannot depend on America or the West ... America is no longer reliable.”

News of the raids came after Libya’s Islamist-dominated General National Congress Monday threw down the gauntlet to the interim government by naming a premier-designate to form a rival administration.

The GNC, officially replaced earlier this month by a freshly elected parliament, selected pro-Islamist Omar al-Hassi to form a “salvation government,” a spokesman said.

“The GNC dismissed [interim premier] Abdullah al-Thani as head of government and gave Omar al-Hassi a week to form a salvation government,” Omar Ahmidan said in Tripoli, where GNC members met.

At the same time, Libya’s new army chief Abdal-Razzak Nadhuri declared “war on terrorists” after parliament, holed up 1,600 kilometers east of Tripoli in Tobruk, nominated him to tackle the unrest.

The Fajr Libya (Libya Dawn) militia alliance – in which the Islamists play a prominent role – seized Tripoli airport over the weekend after weeks of skirmishes with nationalist militia who had controlled it since the ouster in 2011 of Moammar Gadhafi.

Fajr Libya, mainly composed of fighters from Misrata, east of Tripoli, Tuesday rejected a call from Ansar al-Shariah, controllers of around 80 percent of the eastern city of Benghazi, to unite under one banner.

They said in a statement published by the LANA news agency Tuesday that they “respect the constitution and the peaceful transfer of power.”

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on August 27, 2014, on page 10.

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Summary

UAE warplanes secretly bombed Islamist militia targets in Libya, the U.S. government confirmed Tuesday, as turmoil in the country deepened with the Islamists naming a rival premier.

U.S. officials said Monday that the UAE jets launched two attacks in seven days on the Islamists in Tripoli using bases in Egypt.

The bombing raids were first reported by the New York Times, and Islamist forces in Libya had also charged that Egypt and the UAE – two of the region's main anti-Islamist powers – were behind them.

The United States did not take part or provide any assistance in the bombing raids, two U.S. officials told AFP, who could not confirm that Egypt and the UAE had left Washington totally in the dark about the attacks.

The Fajr Libya (Libya Dawn) militia alliance – in which the Islamists play a prominent role – seized Tripoli airport over the weekend after weeks of skirmishes with nationalist militia who had controlled it since the ouster in 2011 of Moammar Gadhafi.


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