CAIRO: Egypt’s government resigned Monday, paving the way for army chief Field Marshal Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi to declare his candidacy for president of a strategic U.S. ally gripped by political strife.
After the July overthrow of President Mohammad Morsi and subsequent crackdown on Islamists and liberals with hundreds killed and thousands jailed, critics say Cairo’s military-backed authorities are turning the clock back to the era of autocrat Hosni Mubarak era, when the political elite ruled with an iron fist in alliance with top businessmen.
“[The outgoing government] made every effort to get Egypt out of the narrow tunnel in terms of security, economic pressures and political confusion,” Prime Minister Hazem al-Beblawi said in a live nationwide speech.
Beblawi, who was tasked by interim President Adly Mansour with running the government’s affairs until the election, did not give a clear reason for the decision.
But it effectively opened the way for Sisi to run for president since he would first have to leave his post as defense minister in any case.
“This [government resignation] was done as a step that was needed ahead of Sisi’s announcement that he will run for president,” an Egyptian official said.
He told Reuters that the Cabinet had resigned en masse as Sisi did not want to appear to be acting alone.
Government spokesman Hany Salah said: “This government feels that it did what it had to do in this critical period, and maybe it’s time for a change.”
Sisi has unveiled a political road map meant to lead to elections after toppling Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood following mass unrest against what protesters called his increasingly arbitrary rule.
But promises of democracy have not borne fruit in the biggest Arab nation, where hundreds of thousands of people gathered in 2011 in an army-backed uprising that overthrew Mubarak and raised hopes of a new political landscape.
The presidential vote is expected within months in Egypt, which has great geostrategic importance due to its peace treaty with Israel and control over the Suez Canal, a vital global shipping lane that’s the shortest between Asia and Europe.
Morsi’s removal touched off the bloodiest political crisis in modern Egyptian history, with security forces killing hundreds of Brotherhood supporters, jailing thousands and putting top leaders on trial.
The Muslim Brotherhood accused Sisi of plotting a coup to restore military-dominated government, and human rights groups say that abuses are spreading by the day, allegations the army-backed government denies.
Housing Minister Ibrahim Mahlab, a former official in Mubarak’s National Democratic Party, was expected to be named prime minister of the new government, said a security source.
The Egyptian authorities are likely to remain preoccupied with efforts to further weaken and isolate the Muslim Brotherhood and fight a mushrooming Islamist insurgency.
The government has also clamped down on some secular activists who were instrumental in the popular uprising that deposed Mubarak and who supported Morsi’s removal. They are now languishing in prisons and face trial.Compounding the instability, Islamist militants based in the widely lawless Sinai Peninsula have intensified attacks on police and soldiers, killing hundreds since Morsi’s fall.
The Sinai-based group Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis has said it was behind assassinations of army and Interior Ministry officials.
A security source said Interior Minister Mohammad Ibrahim, who has been spearheading the campaign to crush the Brotherhood, was expected to retain his post in the hope he could provide tight security before elections. He survived an assassination attempt by a suicide bomber last year.