Middle East

Iran and Israel cross swords at Davos meet

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, gestures as speaks during a session of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, Thursday, Jan. 23, 2014. (AP Photo/Michel Euler)

DAVOS, Switzerland: Iran Thursday stepped up attempts to normalize its relations with the West with a Davos charm offensive that was immediately attacked by Israel as a confidence trick.

On a visit to the Swiss resort aimed at enticing international investors back to Iran, President Hassan Rouhani told the World Economic Forum his government was sincere in its desire for a new relationship based on mutual trust and a rebuilding of economic ties that have been shattered by international sanctions.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, also speaking at the prestigious gathering, warned the West not to take the media-friendly Iranian’s offer at face value, insisting there was no concrete evidence of any fundamental change in the nature of the Islamic regime.

“Hassan Rouhani can say something, but it doesn’t make it real,” Netanyahu said. “It’s false.”

He said the Iranian president’s claim that Tehran wanted to promote stability and security in the Middle East had “no connection with what is going on on the ground,” notably in Syria, where he said the Iranian Revolutionary Guard and its Hezbollah allies were fighting and killing alongside government forces.

Rouhani was making his first international outing since he created a stir at the United Nations in New York in September by outlining his new government’s desire for a fresh start in relations with the U.S. and other Western powers.

In his speech, described as a message of friendship and hope by the Forum organizers, he unveiled a proposal to create a new multilateral body tasked with stabilizing global energy supplies.

Rouhani said Tehran was ready to put some of its extensive oil and gas reserves at the disposal of the proposed new body.

“We are prepared to engage in a serious process to establish a reliable institution for this long-term partnership,” he said.

Iran’s oil exports are currently running at around half the level of a decade ago as a result of EU and U.S. sanctions applied over its suspected attempts to develop nuclear arms.

An agreement on a modest easing of the sanctions took effect this week in line with an interim accord on Iran’s nuclear capacity agreed between Tehran and major world powers in November.

The interim agreement is intended to pave the way for a fuller accord and a further lifting of sanctions.

Iran is already seeking to persuade oil majors to start planning for a resumption of investment in the country but hopes of quick progress were dampened by a warning from U.S. Treasury Secretary Jack Lew, who played down the significance of the limited easing of sanctions so far and warned companies they could find themselves on the wrong side of U.S. law.

“I’ve been very clear with businesses in the United States and internationally that they should be very clear-headed as they think about going to do business in Iran now because the sanctions regime has not been removed,” Lew said.

In his speech, Rouhani described the nuclear accord, which limits his country’s ability to enrich uranium and provides for inspections of its facilities, as marking the start of a new phase in relations with the U.S.

He said Iran believed a full deal was achievable but also reiterated that the regime would never give up its right to join some 40 other countries in acquiring the capacity to generate nuclear power and use nuclear technology for other peaceful ends.

“We have never sought anything other than peaceful use of nuclear technology and we will not accept obstacles being put in the way of our scientific progress,” he said.

In an apparent reference to Israel, Rouhani said he saw the major impediment to a full nuclear accord as “a lack of serious will by other parties or pressure influenced by others.”

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on January 24, 2014, on page 1.




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