Middle East

S. Sudan rebels say government violating new cease-fire

Head of the rebel delegation General Taban Deng Gai signs a ceasefire to end more than five weeks of fighting in South Sudan after negotiations in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa, January 23, 2014. REUTERS/Birahnu Sebsibe

JUBA: South Sudan’s president Friday said a new peace deal with rebels will help see the country’s five-week conflict resolved through dialogue, even as a rebel leader accused the country’s military of breaking the cease-fire.

President Salva Kiir said the deal signed Thursday would bring an end to suffering for South Sudan’s people, a half million of whom have fled their homes since violence began Dec. 15. Weeks of fighting has killed thousands.

“For the people of South Sudan, I am pleased to tell them that the conflict that erupted in December, that was uncalled for, will be resolved through peaceful dialogue,” he said.

But as a sign of the government’s own concern about the strength of the agreement, Kiir also appealed to the rebels to accept the deal, with a message directed at armed youths known as the White Army, who are loyal to the leader of the rebellion, Riek Machar, the former vice president whom Kiir had fired.

“The fact that Riek will not be in control of all these forces, I am appealing to you that you respect what has been done,” Kiir said, reflecting concerns that all the rebels may not agree with the cease-fire and all do not answer to Machar.

In Ethiopia, where Thursday’s deal was signed, Brig. Gen. Lul Ruai Koang, a rebel spokesman, said government forces were attacking rebel positions in oil-rich Unity state and in Jonglei state.

Koang called the attacks a “clear violation” of the peace deal and said rebel forces would defend themselves against attacks.

South Sudan’s military spokesman, Col. Philip Aguer, said he had not been not aware of any new violence but said there was fighting in Jonglei Thursday. Aguer said if new fighting had occurred “it is because rebels have attacked” government soldiers.

In a message meant to cool a feud with the U.N., Kiir also warned the country’s security apparatus to stop the “trend of violence against the United Nations.”

Kiir earlier this week said the U.N. Mission in South Sudan was a “parallel government” that would “shame itself” as he had accused the U.N. of siding with the rebels.

Kiir said his words had been misunderstood. “It does not mean South Sudan is hostile to the U.N. system,” he said. “They are very helpful to the people of South Sudan.”

In November last year U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said in a report to the Security Council that the U.N. mission there was subjected to 67 cases of harassment, threats, physical assault, arrest and detention of U.N. staff as well as the seizure of U.N. vehicles by the army and police over five months.

Kiir said he had ordered the Interior Ministry, Defense Ministry and National Security Ministry to prevent any attacks or harassment of U.N. staff.



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