LONDON: Britons traveling to Syria to help the rebels fighting President Bashar Assad could be arrested on their return, a senior police chief warned Saturday, saying they may pose a security risk to the U.K. Peter Fahy, head of the Association of Chief Police Officers, said there was “huge concern” about Britons, including a rising number of youngsters, fighting in Syria and becoming radicalized by hard-line Islamists.
British police have already arrested 16 people on suspicion of terrorism offenses in Syria this year, some as young as 17, compared to 24 arrests in all of 2013.
Fahy told BBC Radio there was “a real worry about those who may be radicalized, who may have been engaged in terrorist training.”
“We stopped quite a number of people because we’re very, very clear about what will happen,” Fahy said.
Most of the Britons involved in attacks in the United Kingdom, including the four suicide bombers who committed the 2005 London bombings that killed 52 people, as well as their co-conspirators, were reported to have received training in camps in countries such as Afghanistan and Pakistan.
A spokesman for London’s Metropolitan Police said most of the young Britons going to Syria were men but some were women.
Authorities last week charged the first British women in relation to offenses in Syria.
Nawal Msaad, 26, a university student, was arrested at Heathrow Airport and charged with trying to smuggle 20,000 euros ($27,000) to fighters in Syria. She appeared in court but did not enter a plea and was remanded in custody until Jan. 31.
Earlier this month, two 17-year-old girls were arrested by police in London and West Yorkshire in northern England heading out of the U.K. They were questioned for several days before being released without charge.
“Our biggest concern is people attending terrorist training camps or fighting in war zones then returning to the U.K. as terrorists,” the Metropolitan Police spokesman said.
“They are potentially a threat to British interests both abroad and at home,” he added.
Security assessments estimate up to 500 Britons are in Syria or have been there and returned. This number includes those engaged in aid or humanitarian efforts.
British law was changed last year to make it easier for the government to confiscate the passport from anyone whose “actual or suspected” activities are deemed contrary to the public interest.
Before the changes, passports could only be confiscated if someone was engaged in “demonstrably undesirable” acts, a sanction that was used very infrequently.
Mohammad Ansar, a British Muslim commentator, urged the London government to think beyond control orders.
“Rescinding their citizenships is a quick and easy method of keeping them away but it doesn’t deal with the underlying problem,” Ansar told the BBC.
“There are disaffected Muslim youth in this country and some of them are going overseas.”