ADDIS ABABA: African leaders are meeting in Ethiopia Thursday at a summit to discuss food security amid outbreaks of violence in South Sudan and Central African Republic.
Opening the African Union summit Thursday, Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said he was "deeply concerned by the emergence of new conflicts" that threaten Africa's collective peace and stability.
Africa's violent conflicts often force many people to flee their homes, leaving them unable to grow their own food and totally aid-dependent. In South Sudan, where violence since mid-December has displaced more than 700,000 people, the United Nations estimates that 3.7 million people - more than a third of the country's population - are now severely food-insecure. In Central African Republic, nearly 1 million people have been displaced around the country by sectarian violence pitting Muslims against Christians.
The African Union, with members from the continent's 54 states, is often accused of responding sluggishly toward crises, appears to be taking steps toward more robust action in the face of sudden outbreaks of violence. There is plan now to have in place what is being called an African Union standby force - troops who would be ready to deploy during emergency situations.
Hailemariam, the Ethiopian leader, called for an end to "senseless violence" in Central African Republic and urged South Sudan's warring factions to reach a negotiated settlement.
"We need to find urgent solutions to rescue these two sisterly countries from falling into the abyss," he said. "Failure to do so will have serious implications for peace and security in the region and indeed the whole continent."
The United States is also urging both sides in South Sudan's conflict to reach a political solution that could to lead to a more durable peace. Last week both sides reached a ceasefire deal, bringing a halt to heavy fighting even though sporadic clashes have been reported. On Wednesday some of the key South Sudanese leaders detained for alleged treason were freed and flown to Kenya.
"The cessation of hostilities agreement provides an opportunity, but still it is a fragile one," said U.S. Deputy Secretary of State William Burns, who is attending the African Union summit in Addis Ababa. "The leaders should move to solve the problem on the round table. The other choice is mistrust and conflict."
The U.N. has accused both sides of committing atrocities. The fighting has imperiled South Sudan's oil industry, after technical workers fled and rebel fighters took control of the fields. The government insists the violence was sparked by a failed coup attempt on Dec. 15 by soldiers loyal to former Vice President Riek Machar. Machar denies the allegation but says President Salva Kiir is a dictator who should be removed from power.