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Jordanian Salafist leader warns of chaos in kingdom

  • File - A Jordanian soldier looks on as he secures an area near the Al-Karameh border point with Iraq on June 25, 2014 as Jordan reinforced its border with Iraq after Sunni Arab militants overran a crossing with Syria. AFP PHOTO/STR

AMAAN, Jordan: A Jordanian militant leader linked to Al-Qaeda said Friday that the kingdom “is not immune” to the chaos befalling neighboring countries, urging the government to implement more balanced economic and social policies to avoid a fate similar to Iraq and Syria.

Mohammad al-Shalabi, a senior leader of Jordan’s Salafist movement, also told the Associated Press that the recent declaration of a caliphate by the Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS) may cause a schism among jihadi groups.

The group’s leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who this week declared the establishment of an Islamic state, has demanded that all Muslims pledge allegiance to him.

Shalabi spoke in an interview at his home on the outskirts of the southern city of Maan, an impoverished area that has seen protests by supporters of ISIS.

Shalabi said he was not for or against the group but he was worried it would splinter the global jihadist movement.

“The Muslim preachers said the caliphate shouldn’t be declared at the moment for many reasons, because this declaration will create division among jihadi groups in the world,” he said.

“For example in Chechnya, in the Caucuses, in Afghanistan and Somalia, there are groups that announced that they belong to Al-Qaeda. These groups will be divided, 100 percent these groups will be divided between a supporter to the caliphate and a reluctant,” Shalabi added.

Despite facing protests amid the Arab Spring wave of revolutions in the region, King Abdullah has remained in power by promising to speed up reforms he initiated since he ascended to the throne in 1999.

However, the country’s weakened opposition says the king has found excuses to hold onto power. Abdullah is a close friend of the U.S. and the country relies on donations from the U.S. and oil-rich Gulf Arabs to keep its fragile economy afloat

Although Jordan’s multiparty system was revived in 1991, following a 34-year ban after a 1957 leftist coup attempt, opposition parties have yet to gain real power. They say they are intimidated by tight scrutiny and security crackdowns.

The rapid expansion of ISIS, whose fighters captured the Iraqi side of the border with Jordan last month, also is causing new concern in a country already grappling with fallout from the Syrian civil war.

The army has dispatched reinforcements to its border with Iraq to boost security.

Jordan is home to a growing movement of jihadists and ultraconservative Salafists.

Hundreds of Jordanians are known to have traveled to Syria to fight in the uprising against President Bashar Assad. Some have joined extremist groups that have become increasingly powerful over rival factions.

In Maan, supporters of ISIS have held protests, carrying banners that declared the city the “Fallujah of Jordan,” a reference to the Iraqi city that has been a militant hotbed.

Jordan has so far been spared the same scenario as Syria and Iraq because the government has managed to contain the opposition, and because most people were worried about their country falling into chaos similar to their neighbors, Shalabi said.

But Shalabi said that cannot last forever, urging the government to implement Islamic Shariah laws and more balanced economic and social policies.

“ Jordan is not immune to what is happening in neighboring countries,” he said.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on July 05, 2014, on page 12.
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Summary

A Jordanian militant leader linked to Al-Qaeda said Friday that the kingdom "is not immune" to the chaos befalling neighboring countries, urging the government to implement more balanced economic and social policies to avoid a fate similar to Iraq and Syria.

The group's leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who this week declared the establishment of an Islamic state, has demanded that all Muslims pledge allegiance to him.

Shalabi said he was not for or against the group but he was worried it would splinter the global jihadist movement.

Jordan has so far been spared the same scenario as Syria and Iraq because the government has managed to contain the opposition, and because most people were worried about their country falling into chaos similar to their neighbors, Shalabi said.


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