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Ailing Iraqi president to return amid crisis

File - Talabani has been receiving health care in Germany for months.

SULAIMANIYAH, Iraq: Iraqi President Jalal Talabani is to return from months of treatment abroad, with his crisis-hit country on the brink of breakup but his native Kurdistan buoyant with statehood hopes.

“President Talabani is coming home on Saturday July 19 after receiving successful health treatment in brotherly Germany,” his Patriotic Union of Kurdistan said Friday.

The PUK said Talabani, due to fly into his Kurdish fiefdom of Sulaimaniyah, would resume his duties as head of state, in a statement also confirmed to AFP by his son Qubad.

While most of Iraq’s political power lies with the prime minister’s office, the 80-year-old Talabani was long seen as a key mediator between Iraq’s feuding factions.

But many observers now cast him off as a spent force, both physically and politically, with his long-time rival Massoud Barzani presiding over the destiny of the autonomous Kurdish Regional Government.

Talabani will return to Iraq on the eve of a deadline for parliament’s various blocs to agree on candidates for his job, the latest step in what has been a protracted and tumultuous process to renew Iraq’s leadership following April elections.

However, there was little expectation he would seek another term.

“I really do think this is a post-Talabani era. I’ve stuck my neck out there, but I haven’t heard any Iraqis talking about him in any way being president,” said Toby Dodge, director of the London School of Economics’ Middle East Center.

According to an unofficial power-sharing deal struck after the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, Iraq’s president should be a Kurd, the premier a Shiite and the parliament speaker a Sunni Arab.

Iraq’s minority Kurds, who have enjoyed autonomy from Baghdad for more than two decades, significantly enlarged their would-be independent state last month when they seized long-disputed territory.

The highly efficient peshmerga force took advantage of the vacuum left by federal troops retreating in the face of a lightning offensive launched on June 9 by jihadist-led Sunni militants.

As the Al-Qaeda breakaway group ISIS conquered large swathes of land in Iraq’s north and west, peshmerga units took control of the city of Kirkuk and surrounding oil fields, both seen as essential in Kurdish dreams of statehood.

Barzani, who once fought a bitter internecine war against Talabani for supremacy during the Kurdish rebellion, has blamed Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki’s Shiite-dominated government for the collapse of the Iraqi army and the increase of sectarian tension.

Maliki has accused the Kurds of undermining Iraq’s national unity, taking advantage of an offensive by a group widely known as the most extreme in the recent history of global jihad and even of harboring some its operatives.

It was unclear to what extent Talabani’s return could weigh in on the latest crisis, which the United Nations says has left thousands of civilians dead and forced more than 600,000 people to flee their homes.

However, he could help to de-escalate tensions between Baghdad and Kurdistan by tempering Kurdish ambitions for a referendum on independence, following calls earlier this month by Barzani to prepare for one.

Turkey is said to have softened its stance toward the idea of a Kurdish state, but Iran is unlikely to condone the breakup of Shiite-majority Iraq.

“Talabani was the key interlocutor between Iran, Kurdish politics and Baghdad,” Dodge said.

“So Talabani’s return may well be the Iranians encouraging the PUK to step up and fight against Barzani’s independence plans.”

Maliki is controversially seeking a third term, and his coalition comfortably won April polls.

But violence has since escalated and many – including some within his own alliance – see his replacement as essential to national reconciliation efforts.

In a Friday sermon delivered by one of his spokesmen in Karbala, the Iranian-born Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani – Iraq’s most revered Shiite preacher – appeared to lean in the same direction.

“The new government should have broad national acceptance and be capable of solving the crisis in the country and correcting the mistakes of the past,” he said.

Maliki Friday held talks with the secretary of Iran’s Supreme National Security Council, Ali Shamkhani, whose country has backed his coalition and provided military assistance against Sunni extremists.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on July 19, 2014, on page 12.

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Summary

Iraqi President Jalal Talabani is to return from months of treatment abroad, with his crisis-hit country on the brink of breakup but his native Kurdistan buoyant with statehood hopes.

The PUK said Talabani, due to fly into his Kurdish fiefdom of Sulaimaniyah, would resume his duties as head of state, in a statement also confirmed to AFP by his son Qubad.

While most of Iraq's political power lies with the prime minister's office, the 80-year-old Talabani was long seen as a key mediator between Iraq's feuding factions.

According to an unofficial power-sharing deal struck after the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, Iraq's president should be a Kurd, the premier a Shiite and the parliament speaker a Sunni Arab.

Barzani, who once fought a bitter internecine war against Talabani for supremacy during the Kurdish rebellion, has blamed Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's Shiite-dominated government for the collapse of the Iraqi army and the increase of sectarian tension.


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