BAGHDAD: The most influential Shiite sheikh in Iraq Friday called on the country’s leaders to choose a prime minister within the next four days, a dramatic political intervention that could hasten the end of Nouri al-Maliki’s eight-year rule.
Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani, who commands unswerving loyalty from many Shiites in Iraq and beyond, said political blocs should agree on the next premier, parliament speaker and president before a newly elected legislature meets Tuesday.
Sistani’s intervention makes it difficult for Maliki to stay on as caretaker leader as he has since a parliamentary election in April. That means he must either build a coalition to confirm himself in power for a third term or step aside.
Sistani’s message was delivered after a meeting of Shiite factions including Maliki’s State of Law coalition failed to agree a consensus candidate for prime minister.
The United States and other countries are pushing for a new, inclusive government to be formed as quickly as possible to counter the insurgency led by an offshoot of Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State in Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS).
The embattled Maliki accused his political foes of trying to prevent parliament from meeting on time and stirring up violence to interfere with the political process.
“They worked to postpone the elections ... and now they are working to postpone the first session of the Council of Representatives ... but if they are not able to pressure us to postpone, they will go for inciting security incidents in Baghdad,” he said during a televised meeting with commanders.
Over the past fortnight, militants have overrun most majority Sunni areas in northern and western Iraq with little resistance, advancing to within an hour’s drive of Baghdad.
Iraq’s million-strong army, trained and equipped by the U.S. at a cost of some $25 billion, largely evaporated in the north after the militants launched their assault with the capture of the city of Mosul on June 10.
Thousands of Shiite volunteers have responded to an earlier call by Sistani for all Iraqis to rally behind the military to defeat the insurgents.
Under Iraq’s governing system put in place after the fall of Saddam Hussein, the prime minister has always been a Shiite, the largely ceremonial president a Kurd and the speaker of parliament a Sunni. Negotiations over the positions have often been drawn out; after the last election in 2010 it took nearly 10 months for Maliki to build a coalition to stay in office.
Divvying up the three posts in the four days before parliament meets, as sought by Sistani, would require leaders from each of Iraq’s three main ethnic and sectarian groups to commit to the political process and swiftly resolve their most pressing political problems, above all the fate of Maliki himself.
“What is required of the political blocs is to agree on the three [posts] within the remaining days to this date,” Sistani’s representative said in a sermon Friday, referring to Tuesday’s constitutional deadline for parliament to meet.
Maliki, whose Shiite-led coalition won the most seats in the April election, was positioning himself for a third term before the ISIS onslaught began. His closest allies say he still aims to stay, but senior State of Law figures have said he could be replaced with a less polarizing figure.
Sunnis accuse Maliki of excluding them from power and repressing their sect, driving armed tribal groups to back the insurgency led by ISIS.
A Western diplomat, speaking on condition of anonymity, predicted that Maliki was finished.
“It looks like the debate is whether it is going to be Tareq Najem from inside State of Law or someone from outside Maliki’s alliance,” the diplomat said, referring to Maliki’s one-time chief of staff and a senior member of his Dawa party.
“It is generally understood it will not be Maliki,” they said. “Security was his big thing, and he failed.”
Allies of Maliki said Sistani’s call for a quick decision was not aimed at sidelining the premier, but at putting pressure on all political parties not to draw out the process with infighting as the country risks disintegration.
The Kurds have yet to agree a candidate for president and the Sunnis are divided among themselves over the speaker’s post.
Speaking at a joint news conference with British Foreign Secretary William Hague, Iraqi Kurdish leader Massoud Barzani said there would be no going back on autonomous Kurdish rule in oil city Kirkuk and other towns now being defended against ISIS.
“Now, this [issue] ... is achieved,” he said, referring to a constitutional article meant to address the Kurds’ decades-old ambition to incorporate the territory in their autonomous region in the north over the objections of successive governments in Baghdad.
“There were Iraqi forces in these areas, and then there was a security vacuum, and [Kurdish] peshmerga forces went to fill this vacuum.”