Middle East

Syrian troops capture Crusader-era citadel

File - Krak des Chevaliers, Syria, Friday, Jan. 7, 2011. (Wikipedia/Bernard Gagnon)

BEIRUT: Syrian troops captured a famous Crusader castle Thursday near the border with Lebanon after days of intense clashes with opposition fighters, the latest in a series of battlefield gains by government forces along the frontier, state media and officials said.

Lebanese broadcaster Al-Mayadeen TV aired live footage of Syrian troops raising the two-starred government flag over the towering hilltop perch of the Crac des Chevaliers. The loud crackle of celebratory gunfire could be heard as troops moved around the sprawling fortress, which appeared intact.

Forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar Assad have seized at least four towns and villages in the past two weeks near the border with Lebanon as the government tries to sever rebel supply lines across the rugged, mountainous border. The sharpest blow to the rebels came with the fall of their stronghold of Yabroud near Lebanon’s eastern border Sunday.

But the government capture of the Crac des Chevaliers, which dates back to the back to the 12th century and dominates the surrounding valley and terraced hills, marked another painful setback, for symbolic reasons as much as strategic. Rebels had controlled the castle since 2012.

“Our efforts, those of the Syrian Arab Army and the National Defense Forces, were crowned today by raising the Syrian flag on the Crac des Chevaliers,” an unnamed Syrian army colonel told Al-Mayadeen. “The battle had been going on for more than a month during which several nearby villages were liberated.”

Syrian state television said troops “wiped out terrorists who were entrenched in the castle.” Syrian authorities refer to opposition fighters as terrorists.

A Homs-based activist who goes by the name of Beibares Tellawi told the Associated Press that the castle fell into the hands of government troops earlier Thursday, a day after rebels and the government agreed that opposition fighters would be given safe passage to Lebanon. He added that troops captured Al-Hosn, where the citadel is located, after an intense bombardment by the Syrian air force.

The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said fighting around Al-Hosn killed 12 fighters Thursday. The dead included the local leader of the Jund al-Sham Islamic group. Lebanese television stations identified the dead commander as Abu Suleiman Dandashi, a Lebanese national.

Syria’s state news agency said “a number of terrorists were killed” as they tried to flee Al-Hosn toward Lebanon. An activist in Homs who goes by the name of Samer al-Homsi said people fleeing Al-Hosn were ambushed near the Lebanon border and many were feared dead.

The Crac des Chevaliers, one of the world’s best-preserved castles from the era of the Crusades, had been in rebel hands since 2012. As with nearly all of Syria’s heritage sites, the citadel has been damaged by the current conflict.

Amateur videos posted online have shown shelling and airstrikes hitting its thick stone walls.

Last week, the United Nations warned that ancient Christian and Muslim sites in Syria were under attack and demanded an immediate halt to the destruction of the country’s cultural heritage. U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova and the joint U.N.-Arab League mediator on Syria, Lakhdar Brahimi, issued a joint statement citing “alarming reports” that Syrian historical sites are being deliberately targeted for ideological reasons.

Six sites in Syria have been designated as World Heritage sites by UNESCO, the U.N.’s cultural and educational agency, and the officials said some have suffered “considerable and sometimes irreversible damage.” They listed the Crac des Chevaliers as one of them.

Elsewhere, heavy artillery fire and rockets launched by regime troops pounded the village of Rankous in the Qalamoun region, as the army and Hezbollah fighters try to press ahead with gains in the mountainous area bordering Lebanon.

Rebel forces also claimed the capture of a weapons depot in the eastern part of Qalamoun.

In Aleppo, eight people were killed in a mortar bomb attack on Azizieh, a regime-held neighborhood in the divided city, the Observatory said.

It added that fierce clashes caused an unspecified number of casualties among regime forces and rebel groups in the fighting around the city’s historic citadel.

The Observatory said Thursday’s initial nationwide death toll stood at 148 people, with 121 of them coming from the ranks of the various fighting groups.

Government forces pounded for a second straight day the Damascus suburb of Qudsaya, where a truce between the government and rebels has apparently collapsed. The artillery strike killed a woman, her daughter and granddaughter, the Observatory said. Meanwhile, two people were killed and 14 wounded by an attack that targeted the mainly Christian neighborhood of Qassaa.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on March 21, 2014, on page 1.




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