ISTANBUL/ANKARA: Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Sunday’s bitterly contested local elections would affirm his legitimacy in battling graft allegations and security leaks that he blames on “traitors” within the Turkish state.
The elections have become a crisis referendum on Erdogan and his Islamic-rooted AK Party after weeks of what he has cast as a “dirty campaign” of espionage to implicate him in corruption and topple him after more than a decade in power.
Early results broadcast on Turkish television, with less than a fifth of votes counted, put the AKP ahead with 44-48 percent of the vote. The AKP needs to exceed its 2009 result of 38.8 percent to assert Erdogan’s authority for a power struggle that is certain to continue after the polls.
Istanbul and Ankara, Turkey’s two biggest cities, are expected to be particularly close. Two buses of riot police stood ready in Istanbul’s plush Nisantasi neighborhood, one of several districts rocked by anti-government protests last summer.
“Once the ballot boxes are opened, the rest is only footnotes to history,” Erdogan said as he voted in Istanbul.
“Today it is what the people say which matters rather than what was said in the city squares,” he told reporters, as supporters chanted: “Turkey is proud of you” outside.
Erdogan has purged thousands of police and hundreds of judges and prosecutors since anti-graft raids in December targeting businessmen close to him and sons of ministers. He blames the raids on U.S.-based Islamic preacher Fethullah Gulen, an ex-ally whom he says is using supporters in the police to try to topple the government.
“They are all traitors,” Erdogan said of his opponents at a rally in Istanbul on the eve of the vote. “Let them do what they want. Go to the ballot box tomorrow and teach all of them a lesson. ... Let’s give them an Ottoman slap.”
While voting passed peacefully in most parts of the country, eight died in two separate shootouts over local council positions in villages in the southeastern provinces of Hatay and Sanliurfa, near the Syrian border.
Erdogan has criss-crossed the nation of 77 million during weeks of hectic campaigning to rally his core conservative voters, in a measure of how seriously he takes his party’s first test at the ballot box since last summer’s protests across the country and the eruption of the corruption scandal in December.
The level of support will be crucial for the future cohesion of his party, giving a measure of the effect, if any, the graft scandal has had on his popularity, and will influence his decision on whether to run for the presidency in August.
A vote of less than 36 percent, considered unlikely, would be a huge blow for Erdogan and would likely unleash AKP power struggles. Some fear that a vote above 45 percent could feed his increasing authoritarianism, which has already seen bans on Twitter and YouTube in recent days, and could also herald a period of harsh reckoning with opponents in politics and state bodies.
The AKP’s main opposition, the Republican People’s Party (CHP), portrays Erdogan as a corrupt dictator ready to hang on to power by any means. Capture of the capital Ankara or Istanbul would allow them to claim some form of victory.
“These were supposed to be local elections but in the last few weeks they’ve sort of become general elections,” said Efe Yamac Yarbasi, a teaching assistant voting in Ankara.
“I think Erdogan will remain the most powerful politician, but he will be damaged. Up until now each time his percentage has been rising, but from today I think it will start to fall.”
Erdogan formed the AKP in 2001, attracting nationalists and center-right economic reformers as well as religious conservatives. Since his 2011 poll victory his public statements have increasingly targeted these core supporters.