Middle East

Turnout low, Egypt extends presidential vote a day

Egyptian supporters of former army chief and presidential candidate Abdel Fatah al-Sisi (portrait) wave their national flag and chant slogans in a street in Cairo on the second day of Egypt's presidential election May 27, 2014. (AFP PHOTO/MARWAN NAAMANI)

CAIRO: Egypt extended Tuesday its presidential election to a third day amid reports of low voter turnout that could deprive the all-but-certain winner, former army chief Gen. Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi, of the overwhelming show of public support he seeks.

Opponents and observers said the thin voting showed the depth of discontent with Sisi, not just among his Islamist foes but among a broader section of the public that says he has no solutions for the country’s woes and fears he will return Egypt to the autocratic ways of Hosni Mubarak, overthrown in 2011 after 29 years in power.

Throughout Tuesday, the second day of balloting, officials and supporters of Sisi in the media exhorted voters to go to the polls.

Scenes of empty polling stations drove Sisi supporters in the country’s TV stations into a lather, and they scolded Egyptians for not turning out. “Where are the people?” one talk show host shouted on a pro-military TV station.

There has never been any doubt that the 59-year-old Sisi would win over his sole opponent, leftist politician Hamdeen Sabahi.

But he and his backers have sought a big victory to send a message to the West – as well as to his domestic opponents – that his ouster last summer of Egypt’s first freely elected president, Mohammad Morsi, was not a coup but a popular revolution.

Millions took to the streets in protests against Morsi before Sisi removed him.

For the past 10 months, the government and media have been whipping up adulation for Sisi, depicting him as the country’s savior.

They have praised his crackdown on Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood and other Islamist supporters, a campaign that has killed hundreds and put thousands in prison.

Some voters called him the only man capable of ruling.

“We want Egypt, and Sisi is Egypt,” said 40-year-old Seham Sayed, one of around a dozen women waiting at a polling station in the heavily populated district of Imbaba.

The head of the election commission told the MBC-Misr TV station that early estimates put turnout at 35 percent of the nearly 54 million voters. That would be a significant drop from the 2012 election that Morsi won, which had a turnout of just under 52 percent.

The Brotherhood called for a boycott of this election, and most of their supporters stayed away from the polls. But many beyond the ranks of the Islamists didn’t vote either.

In his campaign, Sisi offered few concrete solutions for Egypt’s devastated economy and scolded Egyptians to make sacrifices. He touted his military discipline and made clear he would tolerate no dissent that could undermine stability.

His tough tone fed worries among some that he will be a throwback to Mubarak.

Some also said that his campaign suggested an arrogance that took voters for granted.

He made only TV appearances and didn’t venture into the streets.

“Why would I go and vote and give them legitimacy when they actually didn’t respect me?” Loai Omran, an architect, said of the Sisi camp. “They didn’t respect the constitution. ... They didn’t respect human rights.”

A 44-year-old farmer, Ramadan, said Sisi paid little attention to his trade- and he didn’t like the heavy presence of Mubarak-era officials backing the former army chief.

“Look around who is going out for him – men of the [former] ruling party. Nothing has changed,” he said, speaking on condition he be identified only by his first name for fear of trouble from neighbors.

Sabahi’s campaign, citing its representatives at polling stations, estimated turnout on the first day at only 10 to 15 percent.

It called the weak voting a “clear message by the people and youth ... rejecting the attempt to bring back old regime policies.”

The election commission portrayed its decision to extend the voting as a response to demands by would-be voters.

Commission officials said that they received complaints about the extreme heat and about migrant workers prevented from voting because of rules that make it difficult to cast ballots away from one’s hometown.

Sabahi’s campaign protested the extension, saying it raised questions about the election’s integrity and seemed aimed at “interfering in numbers and participation rates.”

Perhaps to ward off criticism, Sisi’s campaign also raised an official objection to the extension, insisting it was not needed.

Nesrine Mahmoud, a 34-year-old housewife from a poor Cairo neighborhood, said that she “loved” Sisi as a military man and for his removal of Morsi.

But she voted for Sabahi.

She said she grew disillusioned with Sisi during his campaign, especially the way he shot down any criticism during interviews and offered her no concrete program to solve economic problems.

“How would there be democracy that way?” she asked.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on May 28, 2014, on page 1.




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