GENEVA: The U.N.’s top human rights body Monday overwhelmingly approved the Iraqi government’s request for an investigation into alleged crimes against civilians committed by ISIS in its rampage across northeastern Syria and parts of Iraq.
Diplomats agreed by unanimous consent to approve a nearly $1.2 million U.N. fact-finding mission at a daylong special session of the 47-nation Human Rights Council about Iraq and the extremist group.
Iraq’s request for the U.N. to investigate alleged abuses by ISIS was included in a resolution that more broadly condemns the group’s severe tactics but also calls on Iraq’s government to protect human rights.
Its aim is to provide the Geneva-based council with a report and evidence next March that could shed further light on Iraqi atrocities and be used as part of any international war crimes prosecution.
Monday’s session focused on the threat posed by the militants, who have seized cities, towns and vast tracts of land and carried out a number of massacres and beheadings.
“We are facing a terrorist monster,” Iraq’s human rights minister, Mohammad Shia Al-Sudani, said shortly before the vote.
There is “strong evidence” ISIS and allied groups have carried out targeted killings, forced conversions, sexual abuse and torture in Iraq, U.N. Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights Flavia Pansieri said, opening the debate in Geneva.
“The reports we have received reveal acts of inhumanity on an unimaginable scale,” she told the U.N. Human Rights Council, on its first meeting about the latest surge in violence. She later told Reuters she was referring to ISIS.
Iraqi government forces and police had also committed acts that may amount to war crimes, Pansieri said.
“Systematic and intentional attacks on civilians may constitute war crimes and crimes against humanity. Individuals, including commanders, are responsible for these acts,” Pansieri said, referring to crimes committed by both sides. Sudani did not immediately respond to allegations against state troops.
ISIS has grabbed large areas of Iraq and Syria, declaring a cross-border caliphate and driving hundreds of thousands of people from their homes.
At least 1,420 people were killed in Iraq in August alone, U.N. figures showed Monday.
Pansieri said she was particularly worried about the persecution of Christians, Yazidis, Shiites, Turkmen and other ethnic groups by ISIS forces that have swept through western and northern Iraq.
“These communities have lived side by side, on the same soil, for centuries and in some cases for millennia,” she added. Such “ethnic and religious cleansing” may amount to crimes against humanity.
Iraqi police have also executed detainees in Tal Afar and government-allied militias opened fire on a mosque in Khanaqin district northeast of Baghdad killing 73 men and boys, she said.
Iraqi soldiers have shelled towns and carried out airstrikes near Kirkuk, Fallujah, and Salahuddin, killing and injuring many dozens of civilians, she added.
Sudani told the session ISIS was threatening the makeup of his country. “The land of ancient Babylon is subjected to threats starting to its very independence; they are attempting to change its demographic and cultural composition.”
ISIS was not just a problem for his country, he added. “It is a trans-national phenomenon that poses an imminent danger to all countries of the world; it defies all human rights principles and international law.”
The U.S. ambassador to the rights forum, Keith Harper, urged Iraq’s Prime Minister-designate Haider al-Abadi to set up a multiethnic government that would investigate all allegations against government forces and “terrorist groups.”
“The stories that have emerged from [ISIS’] bloody assault on Iraq are the ones of nightmares. Christians and others have been driven from their homes with the threat of ‘convert or die,’” Harper said.
“The Yazidis have been buried alive, beheaded or killed in mass executions,” he said.
Western and Gulf countries denounced Islamic State abuses. “This organization has nothing to do with Islam, even if they carry the name,” Kuwait’s Ambassador Jamal al-Ghunaim said.
But Russia and its ally Syria blamed Western and Arab states for allowing the Sunni extremists to thrive in the region.
Russia had supplied arms to counter ISIS, including Sukhoi 25 strike aircraft, Moscow’s ambassador Alexey Borodavkin said.
“[ISIS] acquired a huge potential: it now controls colossal financial resources that it has seized, is pursuing illegal oil trade and has a considerable arsenal of modern weaponry. All this could have been avoided if the international community had taken measures at the time to remove this cancer at an early stage of its formation,” Borodavkin said.